The Alternative Russian Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

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кутак 〈kutak〉
etymology 1 From Tatar кутак 〈kutak〉, from Proto-Turkic *kötäk.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, obscene) dick, cock
etymology 2 unknown, possibly the same as above.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (very, rare) door latch
This meaning was only found in Dahl’s and Vasmer’s dictionaries.
кутузка 〈kutuzka〉 etymology From the Russian family name Кутузов 〈Kutuzov〉 (after chief of police ) pronunciation
  • /kʊˈtuskə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) lockup, jail, quod
куча 〈kuča〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈkut͡ɕə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. heap, pile
  2. a lot (a large amount)
  3. (informal) piece of shit
related terms:
  • кучевой
  • кучка
  • кучный
кэш 〈kéš〉 pronunciation
  • /kɛʂ/
etymology 1 From English cache
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (computing) cache fast temporary storage for data
etymology 2 From English cash
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, neologism) cash money in the form of notes/bills and coins
Synonyms: нали́чные де́ньги 〈nalíčnye dénʹgi〉, нали́чные 〈nalíčnye〉, нали́чка 〈nalíčka〉 (colloquial), нал 〈nal〉 (slang)
лавочка 〈lavočka〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. diminutive of ла́вка: (small) bench; (small) shop/store, kiosk
  2. (colloquial) gang, clique; shady concern exampleэ́то одна́ ла́вочка 〈é́to odná lávočka it's all one gang exampleНа́до закры́ть э́ту ла́вочку. 〈Nádo zakrýtʹ é́tu lávočku.〉 А stop must be put to this business; this can't (be allowed to) go on. exampleпо пьяной ла́вочке 〈po pʹânoj lávočke when drunk, while being pissed
лавэ 〈lavé〉 Alternative forms: лаве 〈lave〉 etymology From Romany. Compare Serbo-Croatian lova. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) money, dough Я сего́дня не при лавэ́ 〈Â segódnâ ne pri lavé́〉I don’t have any dough today. Мои́ лавэ́ все в де́ле 〈Moí lavé́ vse v déle〉All my money is invested.
    • лавэ́ на оди́н хруст 〈lavé́ na odín hrust〉only a little money (literally money for one crunch)
ладить 〈laditʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈladʲɪtʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to get on (with), agree (with), be on good term (with) exampleони не ладят they don't get on; they are at odds
  2. (colloquial) to prepare, make ready, fix, tune
  3. (colloquial) to plan exampleон ладил в город ехать he planned to go to town
  4. (colloquial) to repeat, keep saying, drone (on) exampleладить одно и то же harp on the same string
related terms:
  • лад, наладка, отладка, слад, разлад, улаживание
  • ладный
  • заладить, наладить, приладить, отлаживать, отладить, сладить, разладить, разладиться, уладить
ладиться 〈laditʹsâ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (impersonal, colloquial) to work well, advance exampleУ меня́ дела́ не ла́дятся. 〈U menấ delá ne ládâtsâ.〉 Things aren't working well for me. exampleВсё ла́дилось. 〈Vsë ládilosʹ.〉 Everything was working well.
related terms:
  • ла́дить 〈láditʹ〉
  • ла́дно 〈ládno〉
ладоша 〈ladoša〉 etymology diminutive of ладо́нь pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) palm of the hand exampleбить в ладо́ши to clap one’s hands exampleхло́пать в ладо́ши to clap one’s hands
related terms:
  • ладо́нь 〈ladónʹ〉
лампочка 〈lampočka〉 etymology Diminutive of лампа 〈lampa〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈlampət͡ɕkə/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. diminutive of лампа
  2. (colloquial) light bulb
descendants:
  • Armenian: լամպուշկա 〈lampuška〉 (lampuška)
левак 〈levak〉 pronunciation
  • /lʲɪˈvak/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (polotics, pejorative) ultraleftist
  2. illicit dealer, moonshiner
  3. moonshiner driver, gypsy cab
related terms:
  • левацкий
  • левый
левый 〈levyj〉 Alternative forms: лѣ́вый 〈lѣ́vyj〉 {{ru-PRO}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • [ˈlʲevɨj]
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. leftist, one who believes in the political left
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. left, left-hand
  2. (nautical) port
  3. left-wing, leftist
  4. counterfeit
  5. (slang) wrong, strange, unsuitable, impertinent
antonyms:
  • правый
related terms:
  • лево
  • левак
  • левацкий
  • левачество
  • леветь
  • левизна
  • лево-
  • левша
легавый 〈legavyj〉 pronunciation
  • [lʲɪˈɡavɨj]
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. pointer, setter (as in a dog)
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. pointer, setter (as in a dog)
  2. (slang) cop, copper (policeman)
лёгкий 〈lëgkij〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *lьgъkъ 〈*lʹgʺkʺ〉, from pre-Slavic *h₁ln̥gʷʰ-u-ko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- 〈*h₁lengʷʰ-〉. pronunciation
  • [ˈlʲɵxʲ.kʲɪj]
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. light, lightweight
  2. easy, facile, slight
  3. (colloquial) lucky
related terms:
  • лёгкость, лёгкое
  • лёгонький, облегчённый
  • облегчать, облегчить, полегчать
  • легко, легонько, легче
легко 〈legko〉 pronunciation
  • /lʲɪxˈko/
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. lightly
  2. easily, facilely, slightly
  3. luckily
adjective: {{head}}
  1. short neuter form of лёгкий 〈lëgkij〉
  2. (is/are) light, lightweight
  3. easy, facile, slight
  4. (colloquial) lucky
antonyms:
  • тяжело
  • трудно, сложно
related terms:
  • лёгкость
  • лёгкий, лёгонький, облегчённый
  • облегчать, облегчить, полегчать
  • легонько, легче
лежачий полицейский 〈ležačij policejskij〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology Literally, laying policeman. Compare sleeping policeman
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) speed bump
либеральничание 〈liberalʹničanie〉 Alternative forms: либеральничанье 〈liberalʹničanʹe〉 etymology From либеральничать 〈liberalʹničatʹ〉 + ание 〈anie〉.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) acting in a too liberal or too tolerant manner
quotations: {{seeCites}}
либераст 〈liberast〉 etymology {{blend}}. Used when expressing aversion to neoliberalism and/or homosexuality. pronunciation
  • /lʲɪbʲɪˈrast/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) libtard, liberal
related terms:
  • либера́сти́я 〈liberástíâ〉
  • толера́ст 〈tolerást〉, used when expressing aversion to tolerant people.
The term is often used by ultranationalists, racists and homophobes, opponents of tolerance to sexual minorities, ethic groups and races.
лимон 〈limon〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /lʲɪˈmon/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. lemon (citrus fruit)
  2. lemon tree, wood
  3. (slang) million На э́том прое́кте он зарабо́тал три <u>лимо́на</u> ба́ксов 〈Na é́tom proékte on zarabótal tri <u>limóna</u> báksov〉He earned three million bucks on this project.
related terms:
  • лимо́нка 〈limónka〉, лимона́д 〈limonád〉, лимо́нник 〈limónnik〉
  • лимо́нный 〈limónnyj〉
  • лимо́нница 〈limónnica〉
лирика 〈lirika〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. lyric poetry
  2. lyricism
  3. (colloquial) sentimental talk, gas, hot air
related terms:
  • лирический
  • лирик
лиса 〈lisa〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /lʲɪˈsa/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (zool.) fox (Vulpes vulpes)
  2. vixen, female fox
  3. fox fur
  4. (colloquial) a foxy fellow/girl
Synonyms: лис 〈lis〉, лиси́ца 〈lisíca〉, лиси́чка 〈lisíčka〉
related terms:
  • ли́сий 〈lísij〉
  • лиси́ный 〈lisínyj〉
  • лисёнок 〈lisënok〉
noun: {{head}}
  1. genitive singular of лис
лоботряс 〈lobotrâs〉 etymology From лоб + трясти. pronunciation
  • /ləbɐˈtrʲæs/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) idler, lazybones
quotations: {{seeCites}}
ложить 〈ložitʹ〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *ložiti, cognates include Church Slavic ложити 〈ložiti〉, Ukrainian ложи́ти 〈ložíti〉, Belarusian лажы́ць 〈lažýcʹ〉. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (non-standard, colloquial) to put, to lay, to lay down, to deposit
Synonyms: класть 〈klastʹ〉 (standard term)
  • The imperfective form ложить (without any prefixes and reflexive suffixes) is considered non-standard in the modern Russian, класть 〈klastʹ〉 should be used instead.
локш 〈lokš〉 etymology From локша 〈lokša〉, dialectal form of лапша 〈lapša〉. Compare the expression вешать лапшу на уши 〈vešatʹ lapšu na uši〉, literally “to hang noodles upon one’s ears”.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (criminal slang) lie, falsehood
  2. (criminal slang) failure; futility
  3. (criminal slang) hopeless affair, no-win affair
  4. (criminal slang) emptiness in the soul
локш хлебать 〈lokš hlebatʹ〉
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (criminal slang) to serve in a prison unfairly (because of a judicial mistake)
лопата 〈lopata〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *lopata. pronunciation
  • /lɐˈpatə/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. spade, shovel
  2. (colloquial) punchline
related terms:
  • лопатка
  • лопатонос
  • совковая лопата
  • штыковая лопата
лох 〈loh〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /lox/
etymology 1
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (botany) oleaster, silverberry ()
etymology 2
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. male Atlantic salmon
Synonyms: сёмга, лосось
etymology 3
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, vulgar) stiff, simpleton, dummy
  2. (colloquial, vulgar) loser
  3. (colloquial, vulgar) sucker
луковичный 〈lukovičnyj〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈlukəvʲɪt͡ɕnɨj/
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. bulbous
  2. (colloquial) onion
Synonyms: (onion) луковый
лытдыбр 〈lytdybr〉 {{was fwotd}} etymology Recyrillization of lytdybr, from the letters you would get when typing дневни́к 〈dnevník〉 using a Latin QWERTY keyboard layout instead of a Cyrillic one. pronunciation
  • /lɨˈdːɨb(ə)r/, /lɨtˈdɨb(ə)r/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (online slang, jocular) a blog posting about one’s daily life
любопытная варвара 〈lûbopytnaâ varvara〉 etymology Literally: "inquisitive Varvara/Barbara"
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) nosey parker, stickybeak prying person, male or female
  • The name is used figuratively and can use both capitalisations.
людишки 〈lûdiški〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, pejorative) (worthless) people exampleжа́лкие люди́шки 〈žálkie lûdíški〉 pathetic people
related terms:
  • лю́ди 〈lû́di〉
люлька 〈lûlʹka〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. cradle oscillating bed for a baby
  2. (colloquial) tobacco pipe
Synonyms: колыбель oscillating bed for a baby
лярва 〈lârva〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (mythology) spirit from the underworld according to Roman mythology
  2. (slang) female prostitute, slut
мазать 〈mazatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to oil, grease, lubricate, {{g}} - помазать 〈pomazatʹ〉, нама́зать 〈namázatʹ〉 мазать глиной - to clay
  2. to paint (lips), put make-up on, {{g}} - пома́зать 〈pomázatʹ〉, нама́зать 〈namázatʹ〉
  3. to smear, spread, anoint, {{g}} - нама́зать 〈namázatʹ〉
  4. to soil, stain, {{g}} - изма́зать 〈izmázatʹ〉, вы́мазать 〈výmazatʹ〉
  5. (colloquial) to daub, paint poorly, {{g}} - нама́зать 〈namázatʹ〉
  6. to miss (the mark), {{g}} - прома́зать 〈promázatʹ〉
related terms:
  • замазка 〈zamazka〉
  • мазанка 〈mazanka〉
  • мазание 〈mazanie〉
  • мазила 〈mazila〉
  • мазок 〈mazok〉
  • мазь 〈mazʹ〉
  • помазок 〈pomazok〉
  • отмазка 〈otmazka〉
  • размазня 〈razmaznâ〉
  • смазка 〈smazka〉
мазган 〈mazgan〉 {{was fwotd}} etymology Borrowing from Hebrew מַזְגָּן. pronunciation
  • /mɐzˈɡan/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (Israel, colloquial) air conditioner, A/C, often equipped with a heating element
    • 2004, Ковчег (Kovcheg), Начало (The Beginning), page 152, http://books.google.com/books?id=HsMpAQAAIAAJ&q=%22%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%22 exampleСейчас у нас тепло, на улице 30 градусов, а моей Ханочке вздумалось проверить, как будет работать наш мазган зимой. Right now it is warm here; it is 30 degrees outside, but my Hannah came up with the idea to check how our A/C's heater will work in the winter.
    • 2005, Леонид Вершинин (Leonid Vershinin), Канатоходец (The Tightrope Walker), page 53, http://books.google.com/books?id=tLcZAQAAIAAJ&q=%22%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%8B%22 exampleСолнце накаляло машины и камни, а внутри зданий работали мазганы, обдувая нервных людей холодным воздухом. The sun struck the cars and the rocks, but inside the A/Cs were running, blowing cold air over the agitated workers.
    • 2005, Ирина Лимошевская (Irina Limoshevskaya), Я знаю, кто виноват и что делать (I Know Who is Responsible and What to Do), page 91, http://books.google.com/books?id=h2YwAQAAIAAJ&q=%22%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%22 exampleСидит такая молодая здоровая девка в мягком кресле под мазганом и говорит обличающим тоном: “Я таким, как вы не помогаю! Почему вы не работаете?” There sits a young sizable girl in a soft chair under the A/C and says in a curing tone: “I don't help people like you! Why aren't you working?”
    • 2011, Аркадий Красильщиков (Arkady Krasilshikov), Рассказы о русском Израиле: Эссе и очерки разных лет (Stories of Russian Israel: Essays and Sketches from Various Years), http://books.google.com/books?id=8RgxAgAAQBAJ&pg=PT206&dq=%22%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%22 exampleВот на этом «русском» изречении водитель всё-таки выключает мазган, но тут в автобусе появляется группа ортодоксов в чёрных костюмах и шляпах.<br/>— Включи мазган! — тут же истошно орёт кто-то из глубины салона. In this “Russian” saying, the driver turns off the A/C, but then in the bus appears a group of Orthodox [Jews] in black suits and hats.<br/>“Turn on the A/C!” someone yells right away from deep in the salon.
    • Михаил Августовский, Валентина Гиневская (Mikhail Avgustovsky, Valentina Ginevskaya), Души прекрасные порывы (Smother Great Gusts), page 302, http://books.google.com/books?id=JWtLAAAAMAAJ&q=%22%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%22 exampleОся не выносит теперь холод и шпарит мазган часами, во всю ивановскую… Osya cannot handle the cold anymore and cranks the heat on high for hours on end.
Synonyms: кондиционе́р 〈kondicionér〉
малина 〈malina〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *malina, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₂l- 〈*meh₂l-〉. pronunciation
  • /mɐˈlʲinə/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, collectively) raspberries fruit exampleне жизнь, а мали́на we are in clover
  2. (uncountable) raspberry plant
  3. (slang) thieves' hideout
related terms:
  • мали́нник 〈malínnik〉
  • мали́нный 〈malínnyj〉
  • мали́новка 〈malínovka〉
  • мали́новый 〈malínovyj〉
малыш 〈malyš〉 pronunciation
  • [mɐˈɫɨʂ]
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) kid, little boy
  2. (colloquial, disparaging) shorty, shrimp
мамаша 〈mamaša〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) mother, mamma, mummy
  2. familiar term of address for an (elderly) woman
мамка 〈mamka〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) mother
  2. (obsolete) wet nurse
манда 〈manda〉 etymology The origin is unknown. pronunciation
  • /mɐnˈda/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, obscene) pussy, cunt, twat
Synonyms: пизда 〈pizda〉 (more common), писька 〈pisʹka〉
related terms:
  • мандавошка 〈mandavoška〉
  • мандёж 〈mandëž〉
  • мандища 〈mandiŝa〉
  • мандюк 〈mandûk〉
марка 〈marka〉 pronunciation
  • [ˈmarkə]
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. stamp, postage stamp
  2. mark
  3. counter
  4. make
  5. brand, trademark
  6. grade (of a product)
  7. mark (Deutsche Mark, German currency before the introduction of euro)
  8. markka (Finnish currency before the introduction of euro)
  9. (slang) LSD
related terms:
  • маркировать
  • маркировка
  • марочный
маршрутка 〈maršrutka〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology Colloquial shortening of маршрутное такси 〈maršrutnoe taksi〉. pronunciation
  • /mɐrʂˈrutkə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, transport) marshrutka, minibus, fixed route taxi, (small) shuttle bus
Synonyms: маршрутное такси
маршрутное такси 〈maršrutnoe taksi〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From маршрут 〈maršrut〉, referring to a planned route that something follows, and такси 〈taksi〉.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (transport) marshrutka, minibus, fixed route taxi
Synonyms: (colloquial) маршрутка 〈maršrutka〉
маслина 〈maslina〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐˈslʲinə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. olive
  2. olive tree
  3. (slang) bullet
Synonyms: оливка, олива
мастдай 〈mastdaj〉 etymology From English must die. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (computing slang) used to express negative attitude towards something Windows мастдай! — Windows must die!
мастодонт 〈mastodont〉 pronunciation
  • /məstɐˈdont/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. mastodon
  2. (informal) giant
мат 〈mat〉 pronunciation
  • /mat/
etymology 1
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (chess) checkmate, mate (Russian notation: ×)
etymology 2
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (singular only) mat, matte finish, frost (glass)
related terms:
  • матовый
etymology 3
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. mat, floor mat, doormat
etymology 4 {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) abusive language that includes the obscene use of the word мать (mother)
    • покрыва́ть ма́том 〈pokryvátʹ mátom〉to heap scurrilous abuse on someone
    • крича́ть благи́м ма́том 〈kričátʹ blagím mátom〉to scream blue murder
Synonyms: матерщина 〈materŝina〉
матерщина 〈materŝina〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /mətʲɪrˈɕːinə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) foul language, filthy language
Synonyms: мат 〈mat〉 (mat), матерши́на 〈materšína〉 (common misspelling and mispronunciation), нецензу́рщина 〈necenzúrŝina〉 (the unquotable, unprintable, word(s) or expression(s))
  • Occasionally some speakers stress the first syllable: ма́терщина 〈máterŝina〉 or pronounce the word either as матерши́на 〈materšína〉 or ма́тершина 〈máteršina〉
махнуть 〈mahnutʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐˈxnutʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to wave, to flap, fling, to brandish exampleПо́мнишь, как ты махну́л мне че́рез доро́гу руко́й? Do you remember how you waved me hand across the road? exampleмахну́ть руко́й (на) to give up on someone / something
  2. (colloquial) to rush, leap, jump exampleОн махну́л че́рез забо́р. He leapt over the fence.
  3. (colloquial) to go (off), travel exampleДава́й махнём на рыба́лку! Let's go fishing!
  4. (colloquial) to swap exampleмахну́ть не гля́дя swap without looking (i.e. recklessly)
related terms:
  • маха́ние 〈mahánie〉
  • взмах 〈vzmah〉
  • махну́ться 〈mahnútʹsâ〉
машина 〈mašina〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From French machine via German Maschine, from Latin māchina, from Ancient Greek μαχανά 〈machaná〉. pronunciation
  • [mɐˈʂɨnə]
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) automobile, car, auto, motor vehicle
  2. machine
  3. engine
  4. mechanism
  5. machinery
  6. truck, lorry
Synonyms: механи́зм 〈mehanízm〉, (automobile) автомоби́ль 〈avtomobílʹ〉
медведица 〈medvedica〉 pronunciation
  • /mʲɪdˈvʲedʲɪt͡sə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. female bear; she-bear
  2. (informal) Ursa Major or Ursa Minor (see Большая Медведица, Малая Медведица)
  3. tiger moth
related terms:
  • медведь
  • медвежонок
медведь 〈medvedʹ〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From Proto-Slavic *medvědь 〈*medvědʹ〉. pronunciation
  • [mʲɪdˈvʲetʲ]
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. bear
  2. male bear
  3. (informal) bear (of any bear-like animal)
  4. (finance) bear (on a stock market)
  5. (figuratively) large and clumsy person
    • неуклю́жий, как медве́дь 〈neuklû́žij, kak medvédʹ〉heavy-handed like a bear
    • ходи́ть, как медве́дь 〈hodítʹ, kak medvédʹ〉 — to walk ungracefully, like a bear
    • Ему медведь на ухо наступил 〈Emu medvedʹ na uho nastupil〉 - he's tone-deaf
  6. (criminal slang) safe (see also медвежатник)
медвежатник 〈medvežatnik〉 pronunciation
  • /mʲɪdvʲɪˈʐatʲnʲɪk/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. bear-leader (synonym: вожак)
  2. bear hunter (synonym: охотник-медвежатник)
  3. bear trainer (synonyms: дрессировщик-медвежатник; дрессировщик медведей)
  4. bear dog
  5. bear enclosure; bear cage (or any place where bears are kept)
  6. broad double-edged knife
  7. (slang) safecracker
The term is mainly used in the slang sense (i.e., safecracker) nowadays.
related terms:
  • медведь
  • медвежий
мел 〈mel〉 Alternative forms: мѣлъ 〈mѣlʺ〉 {{ru-PRO}} etymology From Proto-Slavic *mělъ 〈*mělʺ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. chalk
  2. (slang) cocaine
related terms:
  • мелование
  • мелованный
  • меловать
  • меловой
  • меловой период
  • мелок
мент 〈ment〉 pronunciation
  • /mʲent/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) cop
Synonyms: мусор, лягавый, фараон, коп
related terms:
  • ментовка
  • ментовоз
  • ментовский
  • ментяра
меня зовут 〈menâ zovut〉 {{phrasebook}} pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
phrase: {{ru-phrase}}
  1. (idiomatic) my name is... exampleМеня́ зову́т Пётр. My name is Pyotr (Peter).
  • The phrase "меня зовут..." means literally "(they) call me..." они́ 〈oní〉 (they) is implied by звать 〈zvatʹ〉," so the direct object of the phrase is in the accusative case.
related terms:
  • как вас зову́т? 〈kak vas zovút?〉 (formal)
  • как тебя́ зову́т? 〈kak tebấ zovút?〉 (informal)
мерин 〈merin〉 etymology A xgn borrowing; compare Kalmyk мөрн 〈mөrn〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈmʲerʲɪn/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. gelding
  2. (slang) Mercedes car
мерс 〈mers〉 etymology Abbreviation of мерседес 〈mersedes〉 pronunciation
  • /mʲers/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) a car of the Mercedes-Benz brand
мерси 〈mersi〉 etymology From French merci. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) thank you
Synonyms: спаси́бо 〈spasíbo〉, благодарю́ 〈blagodarû́〉
микроволновая печь 〈mikrovolnovaâ pečʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. microwave oven
Synonyms: микроволно́вка 〈mikrovolnóvka〉 (colloquial)
минералка 〈mineralka〉
etymology 1 Derived from минеральная вода 〈mineralʹnaâ voda〉.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) mineral water
etymology 2 Derived from минеральные удобрения 〈mineralʹnye udobreniâ〉.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) mineral fertilizer
минет 〈minet〉
etymology 1 From French minette. Alternative forms: миньет 〈minʹet〉 {{qual}} pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) blowjob, cunnilingus
etymology 2 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. inflection of ми́нуть
минигольф 〈minigolʹf〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. miniature golf informal form of golf
минус 〈minus〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈmʲinʊs/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. minus
  2. (mathematics) minus sign, &minus;
  3. (colloquial, figuratively) disadvantage, defect, shortcoming
  4. (colloquial) a subzero temperature (below zero degrees Celsius) "На у́лице стои́т ми́нус. 〈Na úlice stoít mínus.〉" (citation: Михаил Задоронов, «Задорнов €нд Ко», 2004 г.) "Outside it’s below freezing."
мовешка 〈moveška〉 etymology From French mauvaise.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (humorous, rare) ugly woman
quotations:
  • {{seeCites}}
модерн 〈modern〉 etymology From French moderne.
adjective: {{ru-adv}} (invariable)
  1. (colloquial) modern, contemporary, fashionable (post-position or predicative)
Synonyms: совреме́нный 〈sovreménnyj〉, мо́дный 〈módnyj〉, модерно́вый 〈modernóvyj〉
noun: {{ru-noun}} (can also be declined)
  1. (arts) modern style exampleстиль моде́рн modern style exampleв сти́ле моде́рн in the modern style exampleархитекту́ра моде́рна modern architecture
  • In the post-position the term is also used in the sense of "modern" (adjective)
может 〈možet〉
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) abbreviation of может быть maybe, perhaps, possibly Я, может, приду́ сего́дня по́здно. — I may come [literally I maybe will come] late tonight. Ну, мо́жет, и так. — Well, perhaps so. Мо́жет, ты, наконе́ц, доде́лаешь свою́ рабо́ту? — Are you going to finish your work at last?
verb: {{head}}
  1. form of Third-person singular present.
мол 〈mol〉 pronunciation
  • /mol/
etymology 1 Borrowing from French môle.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. jetty, mole, breakwater, pier protective structure to protect areas from sea waves
etymology 2 From мо́лвить 〈mólvitʹ〉.
particle: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) he say, they say (used informally to mark reported speech) exampleОн мне говорит, мол, давай деньги! He says to me, he says, "give me the money!"
Synonyms: дескать 〈deskatʹ〉, де 〈de〉
молния 〈molniâ〉 etymology From orv мълнии 〈mʺlnii〉, мълниꙗ 〈mʺlniꙗ〉, from Proto-Slavic *mъldni 〈*mʺldni〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈmolnʲɪjə/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. lightning
  2. zipper, zip, zip fastener
  3. express telegram
  4. (slang) cigarette lighter
related terms:
  • молниеносный
молодец 〈molodec〉 etymology молодой 〈molodoj〉 + ец 〈ec〉 pronunciation
  • /mɘlɐˈdʲet͡s/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. fine fellow, fine girl
  2. attaboy, attagirl
Synonyms: у́мница 〈úmnica〉, молодчи́на 〈molodčína〉 (colloquial), молото́к 〈molotók〉 (colloquial, lit.: &quot;hammer&quot; because of the similarity with &quot;молодец&quot;)
  • The term is a grammatical masculine but can refer to both genders. Using it as a feminine may happen in a non-standard speech.
pronunciation
  • /ˈmolədʲɪt͡s/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. brave man, clever man (usually a young man)
interjection: {{head}}
  1. attaboy!, attagirl!, well done!
descendants:
  • Armenian: մալադեց 〈maladecʻ〉
молодняк 〈molodnâk〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. young animals, cubs (collectively)
  2. underwood, saplings (collectively)
  3. (colloquial) offspring, youngsters, young generation (collectively)
молодца 〈molodca〉
noun: {{head}}
  1. accusative of молодец
noun: {{head}}
  1. accusative of молодец
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (slang, rare) same as молодец! 〈molodec!〉
молодчина 〈molodčina〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) same as молодец 〈molodec〉 - attaboy, attagirl, etc.
interjection: {{head}}
  1. attaboy!, attagirl!, well done!, fine fellow!, good girl!, good girl!, etc. used to show encouragement or approval to a male or female
Synonyms: молодец 〈molodec〉, молоток 〈molotok〉 (colloquial, lit.: &quot;hammer&quot; because of the similarity with &quot;молодец&quot;), умница 〈umnica〉
молотить 〈molotitʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /məlɐˈtʲitʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to thresh, flail
  2. to hit, to beat
  3. (colloquial) to beat up someone, {{g}} - отмолотить 〈otmolotitʹ〉 (otmolotítʹ)
related terms:
  • молот, молоток, обмолот
молоток 〈molotok〉 pronunciation
  • /məlɐˈtok/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. hammer, mallet, maul
    • отбойный молотокjackhammer
  2. (colloquial) good guy, attaboy (used only in nominative) А он молоток! — That's a good guy!
related terms:
  • молот {{pos n}}
  • молотить {{pos v}}
  • молотковый {{pos a}}
  • с молотка (idiom)
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) nice one!, well done!
молоть 〈molotʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐˈlotʲ/
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. grind, mill to make smaller by breaking with a device
  2. (colloquial) talk nonsense
related terms:
  • кофемолка
  • мельник
  • мельница
  • мельничиха
  • мололка
  • помол
молофья 〈molofʹâ〉 Alternative forms: молофе́йка 〈moloféjka〉 pronunciation
  • [məɫɐˈfʲja]
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) sperm, cum, jizz exampleЕму́ нра́вится вкус мое́й молофьи́. He likes the taste of my cum.
Synonyms: се́мя 〈sémâ〉, спе́рма 〈spérma〉, эякуля́т 〈éâkulất〉
монашка 〈monaška〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐˈnaʂkə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) nun
мораль 〈moralʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. morals; morality exampleдвойна́я мора́ль 〈dvojnáâ morálʹ double standard
  2. (colloquial) lecturing, reprimanding, telling somebody off exampleчита́ть мора́ль 〈čitátʹ morálʹ to moralize
морда 〈morda〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. face of an animal, muzzle, snout морда кошки — cat snout
  2. (colloquial, pejorative) face of a person (usually ugly), mug
Synonyms: (mug) рожа, харя, рыло, (taboo) ебало, ебальник
морковка 〈morkovka〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /mɐrˈkofkə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) carrot (orange root vegetable)
Synonyms: морко́вь 〈morkóvʹ〉
морока 〈moroka〉 etymology {{rfe}} pronunciation
  • /mɐˈrokə/
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (informal) hassle
related terms:
  • морочить, заморочить
москаль 〈moskalʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐsˈkalʲ/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (Ukraine) (slang, pejorative) a Russian person, Russki
  2. (Ukraine) (slang, pejorative) a Muscovite
Synonyms: (a Russian person) каца́п 〈kacáp〉
Московия 〈Moskoviâ〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
proper noun: {{ru-proper noun}}
  1. (historical) Muscovy Grand Duchy of Moscow
  2. (pejorative) Russia
мотор 〈motor〉 etymology From Latin motor. pronunciation
  • /mɐˈtor/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. motor, engine
  2. (dated) taxi, sometimes any car
  3. (slang) heart
Synonyms: дви́гатель 〈dvígatelʹ〉, движо́к 〈dvižók〉 colloquial
мотылёк 〈motylëk〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐtɨˈlʲɵk/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. moth (the small variety that swarms at night)
  2. (colloquial) butterfly
Synonyms: бабочка, моль
мочиться 〈močitʹsâ〉 pronunciation
  • /mɐˈt͡ɕit͡sə/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to urinate, to pee, to water, to micturate, {{g}} - помочи́ться 〈pomočítʹsâ〉
  2. to get wet, to get soaked, {{g}} - намочи́ться 〈namočítʹsâ〉
  3. (slang) to fight, to scuffle
  4. passive of мочить
Synonyms: пи́сать 〈písatʹ〉 (colloquial or childish), ссать 〈ssatʹ〉 (vulgar)
related terms:
  • моча́ 〈močá〉
мудак 〈mudak〉 etymology From муди (scrotum and testicles) + -ак (personifying suffix). pronunciation
  • /mʊˈdak/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) horse's ass, asshole, dickhead.
related terms:
  • муде
  • мудёж
  • мудеть
  • мудила
  • мудить
  • мудило
  • мудозвон
муде 〈mude〉 {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, anatomy) testicle, nuts, balls
Synonyms: мудо, яйца
related terms: {{top3}}
  • мудак
  • мудёж
  • мудеть
  • мудила
{{mid3}}
  • мудистика
  • мудистый
  • мудить
  • мудиться
{{mid3}}
  • мудня
  • мудьё
  • мудянка
{{bottom}}
мудо 〈mudo〉 Alternative forms: мудё 〈mudë〉 sg., муде 〈mude〉 sg. or pl., мудя 〈mudâ〉 sg. or pl. etymology From Proto-Slavic *mǫdo. pronunciation
  • [muˈdo]
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar, rare) scrotum, ballsack
  2. (slang, vulgar, rare) testicle, ball, nut
Synonyms: мошонка 〈mošonka〉 (scrotum), яичко 〈âičko〉, яйцо 〈âjco〉 (testicle)
  • The plural are муде́ (uncommon dual) and му́ди (plural). The declension and plurality is not always understood and followed by native speakers.
мудоёб 〈mudoëb〉 etymology мудо 〈mudo〉 + ебать 〈ebatʹ〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) asshole, shitass mean or rude person
мужик 〈mužik〉 etymology From муж (muž), “man” or “husband”. pronunciation
  • /mʊˈʐɨk/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. boor
  2. coarse, uncouth person
  3. man
  4. (historical) peasant from tsarist Russia
  5. (slang) macho
Synonyms: муж
мужской половой член 〈mužskoj polovoj člen〉 {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) male sexual member, penis
Synonyms: пенис 〈penis〉, хуй 〈huj〉 (vulgar)
музыка 〈muzyka〉 etymology From Polish muzyka via Ukrainian, from Czech musika, Latin musica, Ancient Greek μουσική 〈mousikḗ〉. Accent on first syllable possibly through the medium of Austro-German Músik. pronunciation
  • /ˈmuzɨkə/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. music
    • 2007, Сплин 〈Splin〉 (Splean), Бетховен (Beethoven) Бетховен жив и музыка летит сквозь этажи 〈Bethoven živ i muzyka letit skvozʹ étaži〉 Сегодня утром так прекрасна жизнь 〈Segodnâ utrom tak prekrasna žiznʹ〉 Betxóven živ i múzyka letít skvoz’ etaží Sevódnja útrom tak prekrásna žizn’ Beethoven is alive and the music is flying through the floors So beautiful is life this morning
  2. (colloquial) business
муравей 〈muravej〉 {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /mʊrɐˈvʲej/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. ant
  2. (colloquial, jocular) a special motor scooter with three wheels and a rear cargo area made in the USSR between 1959 and 1995 in Tula, officially capitalised - Муравей, some models were called differently: Турист, Тулица, the first model's name was Ту́ла 〈Túla〉.
    • “И пока́ добря́га Сёмка спал, я три ре́йса на «муравье́» сде́лал.”, I poká dobrjága Sjómka spal, ja tri réjsa na “muravʹjé” sdélal., And while the good Syomka slept, I made three trips on my "ant"., ru, 1996, Valentin Kononov
    • “Дак всё ж перело́мано. Он же на «муравье́» с грузовико́м столкну́лся.”, Dak vsjó ž perelómano. On že na “muravʹjé” s gruzovikóm stolknúlsja., Why, everything is shattered. You see, his "ant" has collided with a truck., ru, 1996, Moskva
    • “А мо́жет, э́то бы́ли сотру́дники «Си́него муравья́»?”, A móžet, éto býli sotrúdniki “Sínevo muravʹjá”?, Or maybe they were officers from the "Blue ant"?, ru, 2005, William Gibson
related terms:
  • мура́шка 〈muráška〉
  • мураве́йник 〈muravéjnik〉
  • муравьи́ный 〈muravʹínyj〉
  • As the name of the motor scooter, the term is often written in lower case as a friendly, jocular term. It's also often used as an animate noun like an "ant" (insect) (insects are animate nouns in Russian when they are used in the direct sense).
мускул 〈muskul〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology A learned borrowing from Latin musculus. pronunciation
  • /ˈmuskʊl/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) muscle
  2. (computing, slang) MySQL
Synonyms: мышца
related terms:
  • мускулатура
  • мускулистый
  • мускульный
мусор 〈musor〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈmusər/
etymology 1
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. garbage, debris, refuse, shit
Synonyms: говно (govnó) {{g}}, отброс (otbrós) {{g}}, отходы (otxódy) {{g}}, сор (sor) {{g}}, хлам (xlam) {{g}}
etymology 2 From МУС, московский уголовный сыск, "Moscow criminal detective".
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) cop, policeman (derogatory)
Synonyms: легавый, мент, милиционер, фараон
antonyms:
  • вор
муть 〈mutʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. dregs, mud, blur; slime sediment
  2. (colloquial) mumbo jumbo
мухлевать 〈muhlevatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /mʊxlʲɪˈvatʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) cheat (in games)
мыло 〈mylo〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From Proto-Slavic *mydlo. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (usually, uncountable) soap
  2. (usually, uncountable) lather
  3. (slang) e-mail (by consonance with English mail)
related terms:
  • мы́льница 〈mýlʹnica〉
  • мы́льный 〈mýlʹnyj〉
verb: {{head}}
  1. inflection of мыть
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