The Alternative Russian Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

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бриллиант 〈brilliant〉 {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: брилья́нт 〈brilʹấnt〉 pronunciation
  • /br(ʲ)ɪlʲɪˈant/, /br(ʲ)ɪlʲˈjant/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (cut) diamond
Synonyms: алма́з 〈almáz〉 (uncut), брю́лик 〈brû́lik〉 (slang)
брильянт 〈brilʹânt〉 pronunciation
  • /br(ʲ)ɪlʲˈjant/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative form of бриллиант
бром 〈brom〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /brom/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. bromine
  2. (colloquial) mixture with bromide
related terms:
  • бромид
  • бромат
coordinate terms:
  • (Chemical element) Previous: селен. Next: криптон
бронь 〈bronʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /bronʲ/
etymology 1
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative form of броня
etymology 2 Related to obsolete броный, whitish. Cognate with Old Chech broný, Czech brůna and Sanskrit ब्रध्न 〈bradhna〉. Alternative forms: брунь 〈brunʹ〉, брона́ 〈broná〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (dialectal) ripe ear of oat
будь здоров 〈budʹ zdorov〉
interjection: будь здоров (bud’ zdoróv) {{g}}, будь здорова (bud’ zdoróva) {{g}}, будьте здоровы (bud’te zdoróvy) pl or formal sg
  1. (informal) gesundheit!, bless you!
  2. (informal) good-bye (lit., "be healthy"), take care
булка 〈bulka〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈbulkə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. roll of bread, small loaf
  2. (Saint Petersburg) white bread
  3. (usually, in the plural, colloquial) buttock
antonyms:
  • (Saint Petersburg) хлеб 〈hleb〉
related terms:
  • бу́лочная 〈búločnaâ〉
  • бу́лочник 〈búločnik〉
бульбаш 〈bulʹbaš〉 etymology From Belarusian бульба 〈bulʹba〉 + suffix -аш 〈-aš〉 pronunciation
  • /bʊlˈbaʂ/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) a Belarusian
бумер 〈bumer〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈbumʲɪr/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) A car: a beemer.
буржуй 〈buržuj〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) bourgeois
буханка 〈buhanka〉 pronunciation
  • /bʊˈxankə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. bread loaf
  2. (colloquial) UAZ-452 vehicle
related terms:
  • булка
  • фургон
бухать 〈buhatʹ〉
etymology 1 Onomatopoeic. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. thump, bang
  2. cannons thunder, thud
  3. let fall with a thud
  4. blurt out, plump
related terms:
  • бух 〈buh〉
etymology 2 According to it is related to the homograph бу́хать (onomatopoeic) (the sound of toasting and/or loud shouting). pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) drink, booze, tipple
Synonyms: киря́ть 〈kirấtʹ〉, бухо́й 〈buhój〉, бухло́ 〈buhló〉
бухло 〈buhlo〉 Alternative forms: бухало 〈buhalo〉 etymology From бухать 〈buhatʹ〉 + ло 〈lo〉. pronunciation
  • /bʊxˈlo/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, collective noun) booze, alcoholic drinks
бухой 〈buhoj〉 pronunciation
  • [buˈxɔj]
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) pissed, drunk
Synonyms: пьяный 〈pʹânyj〉 (standard term)
related terms:
  • буха́ть, бухну́ть
  • набуха́ться
быдло 〈bydlo〉 etymology From Polish bydło via Ukrainian би́дло 〈bídlo〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈbɨdlə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) cattle
  2. (derogatory) rabble; uncultured or stupid people
  3. (derogatory) sheeple
бытие 〈bytie〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
Alternative forms: бытиё 〈bytië〉 (also different pronunciation and declension), бытьё 〈bytʹë〉 (informal)
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (philosophy, stilted) existence, being the state of being, existing, or occurring exampleкни́га Бытия́ Genesys
  2. alternative form of бытиё (Russian spelling of "ё" as "е")
бычить 〈byčitʹ〉 etymology From бык 〈byk〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈbɨt͡ɕɪtʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to behave aggressively (like a bull), to bully (intransitive)
бычок 〈byčok〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (animate) diminutive of бык bullcalf, steer
  2. (animate) bullhead, miller's thumb, goby
  3. (slang, inanimate) cigarette butt, fag-end
валить 〈valitʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /vɐˈlʲitʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to knock down, to kill (e.g. of a disease killing people or animals) Уста́лость меня́ про́сто ва́лит (с ног). The fatigue is simply knocking me down.
  2. (colloquial) to heap up (transitive) Не на́до вали́ть всё в одну́ ку́чу. No need to lump everything together.
  3. to cut, to fell (trees), make someone fall, throw down (on the ground), {{g}} - повалить 〈povalitʹ〉, свалить 〈svalitʹ〉
  4. to go, move or come in great numbers (e.g. of people) Наро́д ва́лит (то́лпами) на но́вый фильм. People are coming in hordes to the new film.
  5. to fall heavily (e.g. of snow)
  6. (colloquial) to push the blame or responsibility on someone else Не вали́ на друго́го, если сам винова́т. Don't blame the other guy, if it's your own fault.
  7. (colloquial) to go away, to scram Он по́нял, что пора́ вали́ть из страны́. {{g}} - свалить 〈svalitʹ〉 He understood that it was time to get the heck out of the country.
related terms:
  • валка 〈valka〉
  • валение 〈valenie〉
  • вывал 〈vyval〉
  • завал 〈zaval〉
  • навал 〈naval〉
  • обвал 〈obval〉
  • отвал 〈otval〉
  • перевал 〈pereval〉
  • подвал 〈podval〉
  • привал 〈prival〉
  • провал 〈proval〉
  • свалка 〈svalka〉
  • увал 〈uval〉
валиться 〈valitʹsâ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to fall (down), to drop, to collapse
  2. to overturn, to topple (down)
  3. to come falling down, to roll down
  4. (colloquial) to die in great numbers
  5. passive form of вали́ть
валютная проститутка 〈valûtnaâ prostitutka〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) high-dollar prostitute
валять 〈valâtʹ〉
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to lay or drag on the floor or ground exampleваля́ть по́ полу to drag along the floor exampleваля́ть в грязи́ to drag in the mire
  2. to knead
  3. to felt exampleваля́ть шля́пы to make felt hats
  4. (colloquial) (only imperative) exampleваля́й(те) go!, go ahead!, go on!, carry on!
вар 〈var〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. tar, pitch
  2. cobbler's wax
  3. (colloquial) boiling water
relwated terms:
  • варить
ватага 〈vataga〉 etymology A trk borrowing with a sense development “tent, family” → “group of people”. Compare Turkish otağ. pronunciation
  • /vɐˈtaɡə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) gang (big, noisy group of people)
Synonyms: гурьба 〈gurʹba〉, кодла 〈kodla〉
ватник 〈vatnik〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From вата 〈vata〉 + ник 〈nik〉. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (inanimate) quilted jacket
  2. (animate, pejorative, neologism) sovok, over-zealous extremely patriotic Russian person, the term was popularised by VKontakte and LIVEJOURNAL and the Russian opposition in general
  • The term (2) is considered Russophobic by many Russians.
Synonyms: (quilted jacket) фуфа́йка 〈fufájka〉, телогре́йка 〈telogréjka〉, (an over-patriotic Russian/Soviet citizen) сово́к 〈sovók〉, портя́нка 〈portấnka〉
вафля 〈vaflâ〉
etymology 1 From German Waffel. pronunciation
  • /ˈvaflʲə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. waffle, wafer
related terms:
  • вафельница
  • вафельный
etymology 2 pronunciation
  • /vɐfˈlʲæ/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (disparaging) snot, spit
  2. (vulgar, criminal jargon) cum, jizz, ejaculate
  3. (vulgar) mythical flying dick; by extension, any flying object with an elongated shape, such as a Zeppelin вафли ловитьto hold the mouth open too long (literally, “to catch flying dicks”)
ведьма 〈vedʹma〉 Alternative forms: вѣ́дьма 〈vѣ́dʹma〉 {{ru-PRO}} pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. witch
  2. (colloquial, pejorative) hag, shrew, beldam, harridan, vixen
  3. Old Maid card game
велик 〈velik〉
etymology 1 pronunciation
  • /vʲɪˈlʲik/
adjective: {{head}}
  1. masculine short singular of великий
etymology 2 From the first syllable of велосипед 〈velosiped〉 + -ик 〈-ik〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈvʲelʲɪk/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) bicycle, bike
Synonyms: велосипед
величать 〈veličatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial, jocular) to call
  2. to celebrate with a ceremony or a song
  3. to style honorifics
Synonyms: (to call) звать 〈zvatʹ〉, называ́ть 〈nazyvátʹ〉, именова́ть 〈imenovátʹ〉, (to celebrate) че́ствовать 〈čéstvovatʹ〉
велосипед 〈velosiped〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From French vélocipède, from Latin velox + pedes. pronunciation
  • [vʲɪləsʲɪˈpʲet]
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. bicycle, bike
Synonyms: ве́лик 〈vélik〉 (colloquial)
related terms:
  • велосипеди́ст 〈velosipedíst〉, велосипеди́стка 〈velosipedístka〉
  • велосипе́дный 〈velosipédnyj〉
венокол 〈venokol〉 pronunciation
  • /vʲɪnɐˈkol/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) IV drug user, mainliner, hype
верзила 〈verzila〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) a big fellow; spindlelegs; maypole; a lanky man
верста 〈versta〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (dated) verst unit of length equal to 1,066.8 m, used in many expressions За версту видно (слышно, пахнет) 〈Za verstu vidno (slyšno, pahnet)〉 Za verstú vídno (slýšno, páxnet) One can see (hear, smell) (from) a mile away
  2. (colloquial) kilometre
вертухай 〈vertuhaj〉 pronunciation
  • /vʲɪrtʊˈxaj/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (slang) turnkey, jailer
  2. (derogatory) militiaman
  3. employee of the "State Vehicle Inspection" / "State Patrol" (ГАИ, or Государственная автомобильная инспекция)
весло 〈veslo〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /vʲɪˈslo/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. oar, paddle, scull
  2. (criminal slang) spoon
  3. (slang) rifle, especially a sniper rifle (which looks like an oar)
related terms:
  • вёсельный
вестись 〈vestisʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /vʲɪsʲˈtʲisʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. Passive infinitive of вести 〈vesti〉
  2. to be in progress, to be underway Веду́тся иссле́дования с це́лью созда́ния но́вой тео́рии — Efforts are underway toward the construction of a new theory Веду́тся перегово́ры о безви́зовом режи́ме. - The visa-free talks are underway.
  3. (impersonal) to be conducted, be carried on, be observed Так уж у нас ведётся — That's a custom among us
  4. (colloquial) to yield, succumb, give in (to somebody's) lies, provocation, etc. Не веди́сь на его́ провока́ции. - Don't give in to his provocations (i.e. "Don't be fooled by his provocations").
вещать 〈veŝatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to broadcast to transmit a message or signal via radio waves or electronic means
  2. (obsolete) to prophesy
  3. (colloquial) to lay down the law, play the oracle
в жопе 〈v žope〉
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: в, жопа
  2. (vulgar) fucked in trouble; lit.: "in the ass" Мы в тако́й жо́пе, что тепе́рь скрыва́ть нет никако́го смы́сла. - We are so fucked, there's no point in concealing it.
взметнуть 〈vzmetnutʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /vzmʲɪtˈnutʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to cock (a rifle or gun)
  2. (colloquial) to flap (wings)
  3. (colloquial) to rise, to rise above others
  4. (colloquial) to throw up rapidly with force (as one’s hands)
  5. (figurative, colloquial) to hike, increase, inflate.
взопреть 〈vzopretʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to sweat
related terms:
  • сопре́ть 〈soprétʹ〉
взяться 〈vzâtʹsâ〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈvzʲæt͡sə/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to take something with hands, to take (mutually, together) (e.g. each other's hands) exampleВозьмёмся за́ руки, друзья́, чтоб не пропа́сть поодино́чке. Let's take each other's hands, my friends, so that we don't perish one by one. (Bulat Okudzhava, a song)
  2. to set about; to undertake (за 〈za〉 + accusative case a task) exampleС понеде́льника возьму́сь за англи́йский язы́к. From Monday I'll tackle English.
  3. (colloquial) to appear, to emerge exampleЕ́сли не хвата́ет де́нег сего́дня, отку́да они́ возьму́тся за́втра? If there's not enough money today, where will it come from tomorrow?
  4. passive form of взять
видать 〈vidatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /vʲɪˈdatʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to see (many times, frequently, not used in the present tense).
  2. (in the negative sentence, usually in the infinitive) to be seen Не вида́ть тебе́ тепе́рь зарпла́ты, как свои́х уше́й! 〈Ne vidátʹ tebé tepérʹ zarpláty, kak svoíh ušéj!〉 - You won't see your wages now like you won't see your (own) ears.
  • Note that видать has a limited usage and is never conjugated in the present tense. It is used only as the infinitive or in the past tense:
  • Его́ не вида́ть 〈Egó ne vidátʹHe is not to be seen.
  • Ничего́ не вида́ть 〈Ničegó ne vidátʹOne can see nothing.
  • Чего́ я там не вида́л 〈Čegó â tam ne vidál! — There is nothing there that interests me (what am I to see).
Synonyms: видеть 〈videtʹ〉
related terms:
  • видаться 〈vidatʹsâ〉
видик 〈vidik〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈvʲidʲɪk/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (informal) videotape recorder
Synonyms: вида́к 〈vidák〉, видеомагнитофо́н 〈videomagnitofón〉
видно 〈vidno〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈvʲidnə/
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. evidently, obviously, apparently, it looks like
predicative: {{head}}
  1. Short form of видный 〈vidnyj〉
  2. (is/are) visible, conspicuous
  3. (is/are) outstanding, eminent, prominent
  4. (colloquial) stately, portly
Synonyms: заметно, понятно, видимо, по-видимому, очевидно, пожалуй
related terms:
  • вид, видимость
  • видный, видимый
  • видеть, видать
  • видимо, по-видимому, очевидно
винегрет 〈vinegret〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From French vinaigrette ("a salad dressing") pronunciation
  • /vʲɪˈnʲɪˈɡrʲet/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. vinaigrette, a Russian salad
  2. (colloquial) a mixture, a blending
Владик 〈Vladik〉
proper noun: {{ru-proper noun}}
  1. (colloquial) {{short for}}
  2. (colloquial) {{short for}}
вобла 〈vobla〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈvoblə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. vobla, Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus)
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) an ugly and skinny woman
водительские права 〈voditelʹskie prava〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) driver's license documenting permitting this person to drive
Synonyms: води́тельское удостовере́ние 〈vodítelʹskoe udostoverénie〉 (formal), права́ 〈pravá〉 (shortened)
водительский 〈voditelʹskij〉
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. of or related to driver (of a vehicle) води́тельское удостовере́ние - driver's license/licence води́тельские права́ - driver's license/licence (colloquial)
водительское удостоверение 〈voditelʹskoe udostoverenie〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. driver's license/driver's licence documenting permitting this person to drive
Synonyms: води́тельские права́ 〈vodítelʹskie pravá〉 (colloquial), права́ 〈pravá〉 (shortened)
водоросль 〈vodoroslʹ〉 {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: во́дросль 〈vódroslʹ〉 (colloquial, nonstandard), во́доросель 〈vódoroselʹ〉 (rare, folklore) pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (usually, plural) seaweed, algae
воздух 〈vozduh〉 etymology From Church Slavic въздоухъ 〈vʺzdouhʺ〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈvozdʊx/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. air
  2. (criminal slang) money
related terms:
  • возду́шный 〈vozdúšnyj〉
  • воздухопла́вание 〈vozduhoplávanie〉
  • воздухопла́ватель 〈vozduhoplávatelʹ〉
возникать 〈voznikatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to arise, to appear, to emerge, to originate, to spring up При решении данной задачи могут возникать некоторые проблемы. 〈Pri rešenii dannoj zadači mogut voznikatʹ nekotorye problemy.〉 Pri rešénii dánnoj zadáči mógut voznikátʹ nékotoryje problémy. While solving the given task a few problems can arise.
  2. (slang) to object, to protest Иди и не возникай. 〈Idi i ne voznikaj.〉 Idí i ne voznikáj. (Just) shut up and go.
related terms:
  • возникнове́ние 〈vozniknovénie〉
вонять 〈vonâtʹ〉 etymology From orv вонѧти 〈vonѧti〉, cognates with Czech vonět, Polish wonieć, both meaning "to be fragrant". pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to stink; to reek
  2. (colloquial) to complain, to nag
Synonyms: (to stink) смерде́ть 〈smerdétʹ〉, (to complain) вя́кать 〈vấkatʹ〉
antonyms:
  • благоуха́ть 〈blagouhátʹ〉
related terms:
  • вонь 〈vonʹ〉
  • воню́чий 〈vonû́čij〉
вообще-то 〈voobŝe-to〉
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) as a matter of fact, in fact, actually, generally
вот 〈vot〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
particle: {{head}}
  1. here (is), this (is)
    • exampleВот мой дом. Here/this is my house.
  2. there
    • exampleВот тебе́ раз! There you are!
    • exampleВот и всё! That’s all!
    • exampleВот челове́к! What a man!
    • exampleво́т где here’s where
    • exampleвот-во́т just about to; on the point of
interjection: {{head}}
  1. here, look (at it)
  2. take it! (when offering something, casual)
Synonyms: (here, look) смотри́ 〈smotrí〉, гляди́ 〈glâdí〉, глянь 〈glânʹ〉 (informal), (take it) на 〈na〉 (very casual)
вот-вот 〈vot-vot〉
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) just about to; on the point of
вояка 〈voâka〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (usually, pejorative) warrior, fighter
  2. fire-eater
вперёд 〈vperëd〉 pronunciation
  • /fpʲɪˈrʲɵt/
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. forward exampleВперёд на Берли́н! Vperëd na Berlín!〉 Forward, to Berlin!
  2. (colloquial) from now on exampleВперёд бу́дешь знать, как незнако́мым доверя́ть! Vperëd búdešʹ znatʹ, kak neznakómym doverấtʹ!〉 From now on, you'll know how much trust to put in strangers!
  3. in advance exampleПлати́те де́ньги вперёд. 〈Platíte dénʹgi vperëd.〉 Please pay in advance.
Synonyms: далее, дальше
врачиха 〈vračiha〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) female doctor ("врач" is preferred for both genders)
временщик 〈vremenŝik〉 etymology From , combining form of время 〈vremâ〉, which also had the now obsolete sense of “fortunate incident”, + щик 〈ŝik〉. pronunciation
  • /vrʲɪmɪnʲˈɕːik/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (historical) favourite, minion (of a monarch)
  2. (derogatory) timeserver (someone temporarily and undeservedly raised to a position of authority)
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. temporary inhabitant or worker
вскакивать 〈vskakivatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • [ˈfskakʲɪvətʲ]
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (unexpectedly) to jump (up, onto, out of), leap (on, into, onto), get up quickly exampleвска́кивать на́ ноги to leap / spring to one's feet exampleвска́кивать с посте́ли to jump out of bed
  2. (colloquial) to rise, swell (up), come up (e.g. a pimple on the face, a bump on the head)
вскочить 〈vskočitʹ〉 pronunciation
  • [fskɐˈt͡ɕitʲ]
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (unexpectedly) to jump (up, onto, out of), leap (on, into, onto), get up quickly exampleвскочи́ть на́ ноги to leap / spring to one's feet exampleвскочи́ть с посте́ли to jump out of bed
  2. (colloquial) to rise, swell (up), come up (e.g. a pimple on the face, a bump on the head) exampleу меня́ вскочи́л пры́щик на носу́ I've got a pimple on my nose (suddenly)
всюду 〈vsûdu〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈfsʲʉdʊ/
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) everywhere, anywhere
Synonyms: везде, повсюду
втихаря 〈vtiharâ〉
adverb: {{ru-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) on the sly slyly, in an inconspicuous manner, so as not to be seen; secretly; stealthily
вторить 〈vtoritʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to echo, repeat uttering or sounds
  2. (figuratively, colloquial) to second agreeing with someone's opinion or idea
  3. (music) to play, sing the second part
related terms:
  • повторя́ть 〈povtorấtʹ〉
вульгарный 〈vulʹgarnyj〉 etymology Latin vulgaris, from vulgus pronunciation
  • /vʊlʲˈɡarnɨj/
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. vulgar (obscene)
Synonyms: бестактный, развязный, пошлый, грубый
related terms:
  • вульгаризатор, вульгаризаторство, вульгаризация, вульгаризм, вульгарность
  • вульгаризаторский
  • вульгаризировать
  • вульгарно
въезжать 〈vʺezžatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • [vjɪˈʑːætʲ]
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to enter (by vehicle), to go in(to) (by vehicle)
  2. to move into (e.g. a new house)
  3. (slang) to understand, get
related terms:
  • въезд
въехать 〈vʺehatʹ〉 pronunciation
  • [vˈjexətʲ]
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to enter (by vehicle), ride in, drive in, go in(to) (by vehicle)
  2. to move into (e.g. a new house)
  3. (slang) to understand, get
related terms:
  • въезд
вы в порядке 〈vy v porâdke〉 {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{head}}
  1. are you OK formal
related terms:
  • ты в порядке? informal
вы говорите по-русски 〈vy govorite po-russki〉 {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{ru-phrase}}
  1. (formal) do you speak Russian?
Synonyms: ты говоришь по-русски? 〈ty govorišʹ po-russki?〉 (informal)
выделываться 〈vydelyvatʹsâ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. passive form of выде́лывать to be produced, to be manufactured
  2. (colloquial) to act out to express one's feelings through disruptive actions
related terms:
  • выде́лывание 〈vydélyvanie〉
выдра 〈vydra〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From Proto-Slavic *vydra, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ūdrāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European , the feminine form of *udrós. pronunciation
  • /ˈvɨdrə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. otter (the mammal)
  2. (pejorative) mean, ugly woman
выебать 〈vyebatʹ〉 etymology вы 〈vy〉 + еба́ть 〈ebátʹ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (vulgar) to fuck exampleЯ хочу́ тебя́ вы́ебать. 〈Â hočú tebấ výebatʹ.〉 I want to fuck you.
  2. (vulgar) to kick ass
выёбываться 〈vyëbyvatʹsâ〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (vulgar) to act out, to fuck around to express one's feelings through disruptive actions
  2. (vulgar) to show off
вы женаты 〈vy ženaty〉 {{phrasebook}} Alternative forms: вы женат?
phrase: {{head}}
  1. are you married formal, to a man
related terms:
  • ты женат? informal, to a man
  • вы замужем? formal, to a woman
  • ты замужем? informal, to a woman
вы замужем 〈vy zamužem〉 {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{head}}
  1. are you married formal, to a woman
related terms:
  • ты замужем? informal, to a woman
  • вы женаты? formal, to a man
  • ты женат? informal, to a man
выкать 〈vykatʹ〉 etymology From вы 〈vy〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to use the formal form of address, to be on formal terms with somebody
antonyms:
  • ты́кать 〈týkatʹ〉
вы мне нравитесь 〈vy mne nravitesʹ〉 {{phrasebook}} pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
phrase: {{ru-phrase}}
  1. I like you (formal)
выплеск эмоций 〈vyplesk émocij〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) agony paroxysm of joy
вытащить 〈vytaŝitʹ〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈvɨtəɕːɪtʲ/
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to take out; pull out, drag out
  2. (colloquial) to drag (out) (somebody against their will) Они́ вы́тащили его́ прогуля́ться. — They have dragged him out for a walk.
вышка 〈vyška〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈvɨʂkə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. tower
  2. control tower
  3. (colloquial) higher education (from высшее образование)
  4. (colloquial) higher mathematics, advanced maths (from высшая математика)
  5. (colloquial) capital punishment, death penalty (from высшая мера наказания, supreme measure of punishment)
гад 〈gad〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *gadъ 〈*gadʺ〉. pronunciation
  • /ɡat/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. reptile
  2. (figuratively, pejorative) repulsive person, vile creature
  3. (figuratively, pejorative) scoundrel, skunk, cad
  4. (figuratively, pejorative) asshole, foul bastard
Synonyms: гадина, мерзавец, паскуда, свинья
related terms:
  • гадёныш
  • гадина
  • гадить
  • гадкий
  • гадость
  • гадский
  • гадюка
газ 〈gaz〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From French gaz, from Ancient Greek χάος 〈cháos〉.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. gas (state of matter)
  2. (colloquial) natural gas
  3. (colloquial) gas, gas pedal, throttle
  4. (pluralonly) wind, gas
  5. (colloquial, rare) vodka
etymology 2 From French gaze, probably from the Palestinian town of Gaza where the material was believed to originate.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (singularonly) gauze, gossamer (fabric)
etymology 3 From Persian گز 〈gz〉, whence also Urdu گز 〈gz〉, Armenian գազ 〈gaz〉, Kurdish gez, Chagatai gez, kez.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. guz (obsolete unit of length in Asia) (around two to three feet, depending on the region)
газетчик 〈gazetčik〉 pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. newspaper seller, newsvendor, newsboy, newspaper boy
  2. (colloquial) journalist, newsman, pressman
гармошка 〈garmoška〉 pronunciation
  • /ɡɐrˈmoʂkə/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. garmon, diminutive of гармонь a Russian accordion
  2. (colloquial) a type of two section bus with a rubber connection
Synonyms: гармонь 〈garmonʹ〉, гармоника 〈garmonika〉
Гейропа 〈Gejropa〉 Alternative forms: гейро́па 〈gejrópa〉 etymology {{blend}} pronunciation
  • /ɡʲɪjˈropə/
proper noun: {{ru-proper noun}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) Europe, "Gayrope" (a rude term ridiculing Europe's tolerance to gays or implying that Europe is all gays)
related terms:
  • гейропе́ец 〈gejropéec〉, гейропе́йка 〈gejropéjka〉
  • гейропе́йский 〈gejropéjskij〉
геморрой 〈gemorroj〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɡʲɪmɐˈrːoj/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (pathology) hemorrhoid, hemorrhoids
  2. (slang) problem, difficulty, pain in the ass Э́то не рабо́та, а сплошно́й геморро́й. This isn’t a job but a sheer pain in the ass.
генерал 〈general〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • [ɡʲɪnʲɪˈral]
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (military) general (military rank). exampleГенера́л а́рмии General of the Army
  2. (disease, colloquial) syphilis
  3. (colloquial) syphilitic person
германец 〈germanec〉 pronunciation
  • /ɡʲɪrˈmanʲɪt͡s/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (hisotrical) Teuton, ancient German
  2. (colloquial) German (male)
Synonyms: немец
главное 〈glavnoe〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. the main thing, the essentials не забыва́й/не забу́дь о гла́вном - don't forget the main thing
  2. (colloquial) chiefly, above all
adjective: {{head}} (neuter form of главный)
  1. main, chief
гладкий 〈gladkij〉 pronunciation
  • [ˈɡlatkʲɪj]
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. smooth
  2. (colloquial) well-fed
Synonyms: ровный
related terms:
  • гладь
  • гладить
глазок 〈glazok〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɡlɐˈzok/
etymology 1 глаз 〈glaz〉 + ок 〈ok〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. diminutive of глаз
  2. little eye
  3. (plural only) goo-goo eyes exampleстро́ить гла́зки make eyes at
etymology 2
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. eye spot, globule Глазок жира в супе — A globule of fat on soup.
  2. (colloquial) reproductive bud on a vegetable Картофельный глазок — Potato eye.
  3. (gardening) (in rural areas) kidney-shaped scion cut from a plant and grafted onto rootstock
  4. (biology) lentigo or pigmented spot (in the coloration of insects, birds, plants); circle or dot in the design on a fabric Павлиний глазок на хвосте — eye on a peacock’s tailfeather.
  5. (technical) eyelet for threading the warp on a loom
  6. eyehole, peephole, spyhole, or optical device for seeing through a wall or door Дверной глазок — peephole.
гнать 〈gnatʹ〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *gьnati 〈*gʹnati〉. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{ru-verb}}
  1. to drive
  2. to distill
  3. to chase, to pursue
  4. to speed along
  5. (slang) to lie
Гнать is in the class of Russian concrete verb. Its counterpart, гоня́ть 〈gonấtʹ〉, is in the class of Russian abstract verb.
related terms: {{rel-top}}
  • возго́нка 〈vozgónka〉
  • вы́гон 〈výgon〉
  • в дого́нку 〈v dogónku〉
  • гон 〈gon〉
  • гоне́ц 〈gonéc〉
  • гони́мый 〈gonímyj〉
  • го́нка 〈gónka〉
  • гонщик 〈gonŝik〉
  • заго́н 〈zagón〉
  • заго́нщик 〈zagónŝik〉
  • изгна́ние 〈izgnánie〉
  • изгна́нник 〈izgnánnik〉
  • обго́н 〈obgón〉
  • отго́н 〈otgón〉
  • перего́н 〈peregón〉
{{rel-mid}}
  • перего́нка 〈peregónka〉
  • подго́н 〈podgón〉
  • подго́нка 〈podgónka〉
  • приго́н 〈prigón〉
  • прого́н 〈progón〉
  • сгон 〈sgon〉
  • разго́н 〈razgón〉
  • самого́н 〈samogón〉
  • самого́нщик 〈samogónŝik〉
  • уго́н 〈ugón〉
  • уго́нщик 〈ugónŝik〉
{{rel-bottom}}
говно 〈govno〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *govьno 〈*govʹno〉. pronunciation
  • /ɡɐvˈno/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, vulgar) shit
  2. (vulgar) shit, shitass, turd (worthless person)
  3. (vulgar) crap, junk (worthless thing)
  4. (uncountable, vulgar) bullshit (nonsense) * говно́ соба́чье 〈govnó sobáčʹe〉dog shit (person or thing) * Своё говно́ не воня́ет 〈Svoë govnó ne vonấet〉! — One’s own shit doesn’t stink! * Не тро́нь говно́, а то воня́ть бу́дет 〈Ne trónʹ govnó, a to vonấtʹ búdet〉! — Shit doesn’t stink until you pester it!
Synonyms: гомно, дерьмо, кал, экскременты, какашки, фекалии (inoffensive), дрянь, отбросы
related terms:
  • говнишко, говнецо
  • говнистость
  • говёный, говнистый
  • говнять
  • говёно
говнюк 〈govnûk〉 etymology From говно 〈govno〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, offensive) stinker, shithead, bugger, asshole
говор 〈govor〉 etymology From Proto-Slavic *govorъ 〈*govorʺ〉. pronunciation
  • {{ru-IPA}}
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) the sound of talking, the sound of voices, the sound of speech
  2. murmur
  3. dialect, patois
  4. pronunciation, accent
related terms:
  • отгово́ры 〈otgovóry〉
голань 〈golanʹ〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (archaic, colloquial) see брю́ква 〈brû́kva〉
  2. (archaic, colloquial) see бакла́га 〈baklága〉
голубой 〈goluboj〉 etymology From голубь 〈golubʹ〉 (pigeon, dove), as a bluish tint of neck plumage. pronunciation
  • /ɡəlʊˈboj/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{ru-adj}}
  1. blue, especially sky blue, cyan (rarely), azure (poetic) (contrast синий 〈sinij〉) голубо́й экра́нtelevision, TV set голубо́й у́гольwind power голубо́й песе́цblue fox Голубо́й гига́нтBig Blue голубо́й шумblue noise голубо́й газwater gas голубо́е пятно́
  2. (figuratively) ideal голуба́я мечта́secret dream; a dream that one can never realize голуба́я кровьblue blood; aristocrat, member of the royal family
    • голубо́й кро́ви — (person) of aristocratic breeding; literally blue blood
    • принц голубо́й кро́ви — (poetic) prince
  3. (colloquial) gay, homosexual Мы ходили на голубой мьюзикл. - We went to [see] a gay musical.
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) gay (neutral term, see also гей, педераст, гомосексуалист) он голубо́й - he’s gay
related terms:
  • голубетьto turn blue, to show blue
  • голубецgoloubets (stuffed cabbage)
  • голубь, голубок, голубкаdove, pigeon
  • голубизнаblueness
  • голубикаbilberry, whortleberry, blueberry, ... — any berry of a blue color
  • голубить (poetic)to take tender care (of), to caress
  • голубоватыйbluish
  • голубоглазкаsatin flower, blue-eyed grass
  • голубчик, голубушкаmy dear
  • голубятняdovecot
голытьба 〈golytʹba〉 etymology From a root akin to голый 〈golyj〉. pronunciation
  • /ɡəlɨtʲˈba/
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, collective) the poor
    • 1913, , Опавшие листья, короб первый “Русь - раздолье, всего - есть”. […] И пустыни. И степи. Ледовитый океан и (дотянулись бы) Индийский океан (Персидский залив). И прекрасный княжий Совет - с ½-венцами и посадниками; и внизу - голытьба Максима Горького. И все прекрасно и полно, как в “Подводном Царстве” у .
Synonyms: голь 〈golʹ〉, беднота 〈bednota〉, оборванцы 〈oborvancy〉
гомосек 〈gomosek〉
noun: {{ru-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, pejorative) homosexual, faggot, fag, queer
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