The Alternative Latvian Dictionary: braukt

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Entry definition

braukt etymology From Proto-Indo-European *bʰreuk- (whence also brukt, q.v.), from a stem *bʰer- (whence also berzt, q.v.). The meaning evolution was probably: “to scrub, to grate” > “to rub, to wipe” (a meaning still conserved in the erstwhile iterative form braucīt, and sometimes in braukt itself; see below) > “to drag, to slide” > “to make (a vehicle) slide, run” > “to go, to ride (on a vehicle)” (note that the oldest Baltic vehicles moved by sliding, without wheels). Cognates include Lithuanian bràukti “to stroke, to rub, to pull (leaves, berries etc. stuck in one's hands), to wipe (tears, sweat),” colloquially also “to ride, to race,” Russian dialectal брукать 〈brukatʹ〉 (< Proto-Slavic *brukati) “to throw, to hurl, to kick; to smear.” From a variant stem *bʰreuḱ- 〈*bʰreuḱ-〉 also Proto-Slavic *brusiti (Russian dialectal брусить 〈brusitʹ〉 “to gather leaves for animals (to eat)”, from “to pluck, to pull,” Bulgarian бруся 〈brusâ〉, Czech brousit, Polish brusić).{{R:lv:LEV}} pronunciation
  • {{lv-IPA}}
verb: {{lv-verb}}
  1. to go, to ride (in a vehicle) braukt automobilī, automašīnā — to go by car braukt pajūgā, kamanās — to go on a cart, on a sleigh braukt ar autobusu, ar vilcienu — to go by bus, by train braukt ar tvaikoni, ar lidmašīnu — to go by steamboat, by plane braukt komandējumā — to go on a business trip, on an expedition braukt uz kuģa, uz kuģiem — to go on a boat (also, to be(come) a sailor)
  2. (with animal names) to go (on a cart, sled, sleigh, etc.) pull by animal braukt ar zirgu — to go on a horse-drawn cart braukt ar vēršiem, ar suņiem, ar briežiem — to go on a cart pulled by oxen, by dogs, by (rein)deer
  3. (transitive) to ride (a horse) tēvs brauc lepnus zirgus — father is riding a proud horse
  4. (in the 3rd person, speaking of vehicles, harnessed animals) to go, to move, to ride, to travel laiva brauc pa ezeru — the boat is traveling on the lake trolejbuss brauc uz depo — the trolleybus is going to the depot pajūgi brauc pa ceļa malu — carts go on the edge of the road zirgs brauc pa ceļu — the (yoked, harnessed) horse rides on the road
  5. (colloquial, of fingers, hands, feet) to run (on a surface) kā asaras slaucīdama, viņa abām plaukstām brauca pār vaigiem — as if wiping tears, she ran both palms (= hands) over (her) cheeks
Synonyms: (of "going," but on foot) iet, (of "riding a horse") jāt
related terms:
  • braucīt
  • braukāt
  • braukšus

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