The Alternative Korean Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

Entries

18 etymology Euphemism by paronym. (Number 18 in Hangeul is 십팔 〈sibpal〉.)
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (vulgar) euphemistic spelling of 씨팔 〈ssipal〉. f**k!
Synonyms: 씨발 〈ssibal〉, 씨팔 〈ssipal〉
ㄹ게 〈lge〉 Alternative forms: {{ko-l}} (after consonants), {{ko-l}} / {{ko-l}} (official until 1988)
inflectional suffix: {{ko-suffix}}
  1. (informal) A verbal suffix expressing future tense, a promise (I, we) promise {{ko-usex}}
The —ㄹ게 〈—lge〉 (-lge) form is only used after verb stems ending in vowels. For verb stems ending in consonants, the form {{ko-l}} is used instead. The —ㄹ게 〈—lge〉 (-lge) form is used in informal non-polite speech (해체), and the —ㄹ게요 〈—lgeyo〉 (-lgeyo) form is used in informal polite speech (해요체). There is no form in formal speech (해라체, 하십시오체), and {{ko-l}} is used instead.
갈보 〈galbo〉 etymology Possibly from {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. prostitute
갈비 〈galbi〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) rib
  2. kalbi, galbi (a Korean barbecued rib dish)
  3. (figurative, derogatory) a skinny person, a living skeleton
개나리 〈gaenali〉 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. forsythia, often specifically the {{vern}} {{taxlink}}.
  2. (vulgar) euphemistic spelling of 개새끼 〈gaesaekki〉
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
개새끼 〈gaesaekki〉 etymology , dog + 새끼, offspring (of an animal)
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) son of a bitch, jerk, bastard
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
개자식 〈gaejasig〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (offensive, vulgar) bastard; son of a bitch
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
개저씨 〈gaejeossi〉
noun: {{ko-noun}}
etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. (-저씨 is the suffix of 아저씨, a common Korean term for middle-aged elder males. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (offensive, vulgar) older bastard; elder son of a bitch
usage notes=: The term 개저씨 is a recent innovation in Korean, effectively a portmanteau of the slur (dog) and the title 아저씨, used to refer to older males who abuse their age-rank in social situations. It could be considered as a special case of (or pun on) the slur 개자식, although it is closer in tone and vulgarity level to insults like 개새끼. Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
개지랄 〈gaejilal〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) stupidity; foolishness
개지랄하다 〈gaejilalhada〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} and the native Korean verb {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (slang) to act like an idiot, or shamelessly
related terms:
  • {{ko-l}}
개판 〈gaepan〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) disorder; mess {{ko-usex}}
〈gyae〉
etymology 1 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
syllable: {{ko-syllable-hangul}}
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
etymology 2 Contraction of {{ko-l}}.
pronoun: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (colloquial) that kid; he or she 는 학교에서 늘 우등생이었다. gyae-neun hakgyo-eseo neul udeungsaeng-ieotta. That kid was always on the honor roll in school.
거북이 〈geobug-i〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) turtle, tortoise
거지 〈geoji〉 etymology {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. beggar
  2. (slang, offensive) blighter; jerk
검둥이 〈geomdung-i〉 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (offensive, ethnic slur) nigger
겁대가리 〈geobdaegali〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) fear; cowardice
겁쟁이 〈geobjaeng-i〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + ―{{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) coward, poltroon
게으름뱅이 〈geeuleumbaeng-i〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}} pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (offensive) idler; layabout
  2. (North Korea) sloth (animal)
Synonyms: (idler) {{ko-l}}
계집년 〈gyejibnyeon〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, offensive) woman; bitch
고추 〈gochu〉 etymology From okm {{okm-inline}}, acquiring its current meaning after the introduction of chili peppers in the 17th century. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. The chili pepper, often specifically the Korean chili pepper, a variety of Capsicum annuum.
  2. (informal, slang, vulgar) dick, cock, penis
  3. (informal, slang) The penis of a young boy.
공갈 〈gong-gal〉 etymology {{ko-etym-Sino}} pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. threaten behavior
  2. (legal) blackmail; extortion
  3. (slang) falsehood
공갈치다 〈gong-galchida〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (slang) To threaten
군바리 〈gunbali〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (offensive) A soldier.
굿밤 〈gusbam〉 etymology From {{etycomp}}
phrase: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (informal) good night
귀때기 〈gwittaegi〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) ear
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
귀요미 〈gwiyomi〉 etymology Contraction of {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}, with arbitrary vowel change to accentuate cuteness
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) cutie
글래머 〈geullaemeo〉 etymology Pseudo-English glamour pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) voluptuous woman, buxom woman
기똥차다 〈gittongchada〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. (slang) To be stunning, astounding
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
기차다 〈gichada〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. (slang) amazing; breathtaking; kickass {{ko-usex}}
날갯죽지 〈nalgaesjugji〉 etymology {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. shoulder joint of a wing
  2. (colloquial) wing
〈neo〉 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
etymology 1 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
syllable: {{ko-syllable-hangul}}
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
etymology 2 {{ko-etym-native}} Possibly cognate with ojp 〈rǔ〉.
pronoun: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (informal) second-person singular informal pronoun; you
    • 너를 사랑해 neoreul saranghae "I love you."
    • 너 언제부터 담배 피우기 시작하였니? neo eonjyeobuteo dambae piugi sijakhayeossni? "When did you start smoking?"
The second person pronouns are rarely used in Korean and can be considered insulting. Instead, the person's title is often used, or 선생님 (seonsaengnim, "teacher") if the person's title is unknown, for strangers or superiors: 선생님, 안녕하세요? seonsaengnim, annyeonghaseyo? How are you, sir? (literally, "Teacher, are (you) at peace?") For friends, it is more common to use the person's name.
related terms:
  • 너희, 너희들 - second-person plural informal pronoun
〈nyeon〉 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
etymology 1 {{ko-etym-sino}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. year
counter: {{ko-pos}}
  1. year
compounds:
  • 윤년 閏年
  • 학년 學年
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
etymology 2
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) bitch
〈nom〉 etymology {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) man, guy
누렁이 〈nuleong-i〉 etymology From {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) a yellow dog or cow
  2. a yellow object
달다 〈dalda〉
etymology 1 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. to become hot
  2. (cooking) to boil down
  3. to be burning up with fever or shame
  4. to feel that one's mouth or nose get dry and hot
  5. to be impatient
related terms:
  • {{ko-l}}, compare {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
  • {{ko-l}}
etymology 2 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (of a, body part) to swell with cold
etymology 3 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (…에 …을) to hang, to hoist
  2. (…에 …을) to attach
  3. (…에 …을) to install
  4. (…에 …을) to add explanation
  5. (…에 …을) to name, to title
  6. (…에 …을) to charge
  7. (…에 …을) to put a mal on the board of yut for the first time
  8. (…에 …을) to couple
  9. (…을) to accompany
related terms:
  • intransitive: {{ko-l}}
etymology 4 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. to weigh
etymology 5 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. to beg, to demand
  2. to ask to do
This word is mainly used in the forms —어 달라/다오.
etymology 6 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (prison slang) alternative form of 얻다
etymology 7 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. to be sweet
  2. to be delicious
  3. to feel good
  4. to deserve
antonyms:
  • {{ko-l}}
etymology 8 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. (Chuncheongbuk-do dialect) alternative form of 배다
담주 〈damju〉 etymology Contraction of 다음 .
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) next week
대박 〈daebag〉 pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) something interesting, popular, exciting or extraordinary
interjection: {{ko-interj}}
  1. (colloquial) Awesome! Cool!
된장녀 〈doenjangnyeo〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}, since doenjang jjigae is one of the cheapest meals in Korea. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (neologism, derogatory) females who scrimp on essentials so they can over-spend on conspicuous luxuries; females who are addicted to luxury and vanity
됨됨이 〈doemdoem-i〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) a nature or a personality of a person
  2. the make/makeup/workmanship of an object
득템 〈deugtem〉 etymology Portmanteau of (得, to obtain) and 아이템 (item) pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (leet) to obtain an item in an online roleplaying game
  2. (figuratively, slang) to buy merchandise online (usually for free or at a lower price)
띵호아 〈ttinghoa〉 Alternative forms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}} etymology From Chinese {{zh-l}} (from a popular song released in 1938 by Kim Jeong-gu) pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
interjection: {{ko-interjection}}
  1. (colloquial) very good
〈lang〉
etymology 1 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
syllable: {{ko-syllable-hangul}}
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
etymology 2
particle: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (colloquial) and, with
Synonyms: 하고 〈hago〉 Used with nouns ending with a vowel, 이랑 〈ilang〉 is used with nouns ending with a consonant.
etymology 3 Korean reading of various Chinese characters.
syllable: {{Hanja-syl}}
  1. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  2. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  3. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  4. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  5. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  6. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  7. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  8. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
〈leul〉 Alternative forms: (colloquial) {{ko-l}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
particle: {{ko-pos}}
  1. indicates the direct object of a verb
Like other Korean particles, 를 (reul) is a postposition. It marks the preceding noun as the direct object of the following verb. {{ko-l}} is optional if it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject). {{ko-l}} is used only after a word ending in a vowel. If the preceding word ends in a consonant, {{ko-l}} is used instead:
  • + => 책을 (chaeg + eul => chaeg-eul)
  • 사과 + => 사과를 (sagwa + reul => sagwa-reul)
If the noun is the main topic of the sentence and it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject), {{ko-l}} is usually used instead.
말라깽이 〈mallakkaeng-i〉 etymology {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}} + 깽이 (~ {{ko-l}}?) pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) a skinny person, a living skeleton
말라빠지다 〈mallappajida〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) scrawny, rawboned
머저리 〈meojeoli〉 pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) half-wit, dimwit, sluggard
먹이다 〈meog-ida〉 etymology {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. to feed something, to cause to eat
  2. to support
  3. (colloquial) to bribe, pay off
  4. (vulgar) to hit
related terms:
  • {{ko-l}}
〈bag〉
etymology 1 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
syllable: {{ko-syllable-hangul}}
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
etymology 2 {{ko-etym-native}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. gourd, calabash
  2. gourd shell (dried hard and used as a bottle, dipper, etc.)
  3. (slang) head
Synonyms: 바가지 (bagaji) gourd shell (as a dipper), 호로 (葫蘆, horo) (obsolete) gourd, calabash, 호로 (-, -byeong) (original, obsolete), 호리병 (hori-byeong) (current use) gourd shell (as a bottle)
antonyms:
  • 자루 (jaru) bag (flexible container)
  • 포대 (包袋, podae) bag (flexible container)
etymology 3 From Literary Chinese .
proper noun: {{ko-proper noun}}
  1. Park, Pak, one of the popular family names in Korea
배알 〈baeal〉 etymology {{ko-etym-native}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) bowel, gut, intestine
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
related terms:
  • (bae) belly, abdomen
  • (, bog, bok) belly, abdomen
병신 〈byeongsin〉
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. A deformed person.
  2. (slang, vulgar) retard
Synonyms: 또라이
보지 〈boji〉
etymology 1 {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation
  • [poːɟi]
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) cunt, pussy, vulva, vagina
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}
antonyms:
  • {{ko-l}}
  • {{ko-l}}
etymology 2 {{ko-etym-Sino}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. preservation, hold, retention
etymology 3 {{ko-etym-Sino}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. notice, announcement
브라더 〈beuladeo〉 etymology From English brother. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (jocular, ironic, colloquial) brother
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
antonyms:
  • {{ko-l}}
새끼 〈saekki〉 etymology {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. A young animal.
  2. (vulgar) A contemptible person, usually male; a son of a bitch.
새내기 〈saenaegi〉 etymology + 신출내기 (신입생) pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. freshman
  2. (slang) newb, newbie
시스터 〈siseuteo〉 etymology From English sister. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (jocular, ironic, colloquial) sister, sis (older or younger)
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
antonyms:
  • {{ko-l}}
〈ssaem〉
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (informal) teacher
Synonyms: 선생
syllable: {{ko-syllable-hangul}}
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
쌩얼 〈ssaeng-eol〉 etymology From prefix {{ko-l}} (tensified in slang speech) + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (neologism, slang) (a woman's) face without makeup
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
썸팅 〈sseomting〉 Alternative forms: {{ko-l}} etymology From English something. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (neologism, colloquial) a positive relationship or a good vibe between two potential lovers, right before they accept to become lovers
{{ko-l}} is the contracted form, and it is used more often than {{ko-l}} in colloquial settings.
related terms:
  • {{ko-l}}
씨발 〈ssibal〉 etymology From the verb {{ko-l}} (to fuck). pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
interjection: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (vulgar) fuck!
Synonyms: 18, 시발 〈sibal〉, 씨팔 〈ssipal〉
씨팔 〈ssipal〉 Alternative forms: 18, {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}} etymology Phonetic rendering of the verb form {{ko-l}}, from the verb {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
interjection: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (vulgar) fuck!
씹하다 〈ssibhada〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (vulgar) to fuck, to copulate
Synonyms: (non-vulgar) {{ko-l}}
아니다 〈anida〉 etymology Native Korean word, first recorded in the Seokbo sangjeol, 1447, as {{ko-l}}. Contraction of {{ko-l}} and {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. to be not (something) {{ko-usex}}
{{ko-l}} is the Korean negative copula. Along with its positive, {{ko-l}}, it is often categorized as a Korean adjective, but often placed in their own grammatical category distinct from both verbs and adjectives. Unlike {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}} is not appended to the preceding word, but written after an intervening space. {{ko-l}} and {{ko-l}} are the only two Korean words that take a subjective complement, which is marked with case marker /.
antonyms:
  • {{ko-l}}
아싸 〈assa〉
interjection: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (slang) yeah!, awesome!
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) outsider
안녕 〈annyeong〉 etymology {{ko-etym-Sino}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. peace; tranquility
  2. wellness
interjection: {{ko-interj}}
  1. hello (informal)
  2. good-bye (informal)
알바 〈alba〉 etymology Abbreviation of {{ko-l}}, see entry for more. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) part-time job; side job
얘기하다 〈yaegihada〉 etymology From {{ko-l}}, contracted form of {{ko-l}}, and the native Korean verb {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (informal) to talk, to have a conversation {{ko-usex}}
related terms:
  • {{ko-l}}
얼짱 〈eoljjang〉 {{wikipedia}} etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) a good-looking person; a person that follows specific style of fashion
열없쟁이 〈yeol-eobsjaeng-i〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + ―{{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) a shy person, a timid person, coward
와이프 〈waipeu〉 etymology From English wife pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (humble, colloquial) wife
Synonyms: {{ko-l}} (humble), {{ko-l}} (humble), {{ko-l}} (humble), {{ko-l}} (honorific)
왜년 〈waenyeon〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) a Japanese female; a Jap girl {{koex}}
왜놈 〈waenom〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) a Jap
왜인 〈waein〉 etymology {{ko-etym-sino}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (dated, pejorative) a Japanese person
  2. dwarf; pygmy
을게 〈eulge〉 Alternative forms: {{ko-l}} (after vowels), {{ko-l}}/{{ko-l}} (official until 1988)
inflectional suffix: {{ko-suffix}}
  1. (informal) A verbal suffix expressing future tense, a promise (I, we) promise (after consonants) {{ko-usex}}
The —을게 〈—eulge〉 (-eulge) form is only used after verb stems ending in consonants. For verb stems ending in vowels, the form {{ko-l}} is used instead. The —을게 〈—eulge〉 (-eulge) form is used in informal non polite speech (해체), and the —을게요 〈—eulgeyo〉 (-eulgeyo) form is used in informal polite speech (해요체). There is no form in formal speech (해라체, 하십시오체), and {{ko-l}} is used instead.
음경 〈eumgyeong〉 {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɯmɡjʌŋ/
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) penis
Synonyms: 남근 〈namgeun〉, 자지 〈jaji〉 (slang), 〈joj〉 (vulgar), 고추 〈gochu〉
〈eung〉
etymology 1 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
syllable:
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
etymology 2 Uncertain.
interjection: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (informal) yes
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}} (semi-formal), {{ko-l}} (formal)
etymology 3 Korean reading of various Chinese characters.
syllable: {{ko-syllable}}
  1. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  2. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  3. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  4. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
  5. {{ko-hanja-reading}}
이다 〈ida〉 etymology {{ko-etym-native}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adjective: {{ko-adj}}
  1. To be (something); to equal
    • {{ko-usex}}
    • {{ko-usex}}
{{ko-l}} is the Korean positive copula. Along with its negative, {{ko-l}}, it is often categorized as a Korean adjective, but often placed in their own grammatical category distinct from both verbs and adjectives. Some grammars classify {{ko-l}} as a particle and, like a particle, it is appended to the preceding word without an intervening space. Synonyms: {{ko-l}} (after a vowel)
antonyms:
  • {{ko-l}}
이랑 〈ilang〉
particle: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (colloquial) and, with
Synonyms: 하고 〈hago〉 Used with nouns ending with a consonant, 〈lang〉 is used with nouns ending with a vowel.
이빨 〈ippal〉 etymology From {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) tooth
이쁘네요 〈ippeuneyo〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}} being a colloquial variant of {{ko-l}}
adjective: {{ko-adj-form}}
  1. (colloquial) (to be) cute
입빠이 〈ibppai〉 etymology From Japanese 一杯 〈yī bēi〉 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
adverb: {{ko-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) fully, filled with (for alcoholic beverages and fuel) {{ko-usex}}
있어 〈iss-eo〉 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb-form}}
  1. {{ko-l}} present tense form of {{ko-l}}
자식 〈jasig〉 etymology {{ko-etym-Sino}} pronunciation {{ko-pron}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. a child or children (synonym: 자녀)
  2. (slang) a rude term for a younger person (synonym: 새끼)
자차 〈jacha〉 etymology Contraction of .
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (cosmetics, informal) UV blocker
잘 자 〈jal ja〉 etymology From (jal, well, good) + 자다 (jada, to sleep)
phrase: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (colloquial) good night, sleep well
〈jyae〉 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
etymology 1 Contraction of {{ko-l}}.
pronoun: {{ko-pos}}
  1. (colloquial) that kid; he or she
etymology 2
syllable: {{ko-syllable-hangul}}
  1. {{ko-defn-hangul}}
〈joj〉 {{ko-symbol-nav}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) penis, dick, cock
주사위 〈jusawi〉
noun: {{head}}
  1. a polyhedron used in games of chance: die, dice (informal)
지랄하다 〈jilalhada〉 etymology From {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}} pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
verb: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (vulgar) to act in a libertine way, to go crazy {{ko-usex}}
지옥철 〈jiogcheol〉 etymology {{ko-etym-sino}}. Portmanteau of {{ko-l}} and {{ko-l}}. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang, railroads) a very crowded subway line or rolling stock
초딩 〈choding〉 etymology A casual modification of 초등학생 pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (slang) elementary school student
콩밥 먹다 〈kongbab meogda〉 etymology From 콩밥을 먹다 (to eat rice with beans). Rice with beans is a staple food in the South Korean prison systems. (cf. porridge in the British prison system) pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-verb}}
  1. (slang) to be in prison
파데 〈pade〉 etymology Contraction of 파운데이션 〈paundeisyeon〉
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (cosmetics, informal) foundation
핸드폰 〈haendeupon〉 pronunciation From pseudo-English hand phone. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) mobile phone
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
휴대폰 〈hyudaepon〉 etymology {{ko-l}} + {{ko-l}}, from English phone. pronunciation {{ko-IPA}}
noun: {{ko-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) mobile phone
Synonyms: {{ko-l}}, {{ko-l}}
〈nǚ〉
hanja: {{ko-hanja}}
  1. (계집 녀, gyejip-): (vulgar) female, woman, wife.

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