The Alternative German Dictionary: auf

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Entry definition

auf etymology From Old High German ūf, from Proto-Germanic *ūp-. pronunciation
  • /aʊ̯f/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
preposition: {{de-prep}}
  1. (with dative) on Das Buch liegt auf dem Tisch. The book is lying on the table.
  2. (with accusative) on, onto Leg das Buch auf den Tisch! Put the book on the table!
  3. (colloquial, regional, northern and western Germany) on (a day; usually of the week) Du kannst doch auf (’n) Sonntag nich’ den Rasen mähen! You can’t mow the lawn on a Sunday!
The preposition is used with accusative case when the verb shows movement from one place to another, whereas it is used with dative case when the verb shows location. Synonyms: (on a day) an
adverb: {{de-adv}}
  1. (somewhat, informal) open Die Tür ist auf. The door is open.
  2. (colloquial) finished, gone food Hast du deine Suppe auf? Have you finished your soup?
interjection: {{de-interj}}
  1. carry on
  2. have a go

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