The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

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snu snu Alternative forms: snoo snoo etymology From the 2001 episode "Amazon Women in the Mood" of the American animated television show Futurama, in which a race of giant Amazonian women kill men with sex, which they call "snu-snu."
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous) Sexual intercourse.
Synonyms: See also .
so {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English so, swo, from Old English swā, from Proto-Germanic *swa, *swē, from Proto-Indo-European *swē, *swō (reflexive pronomial stem). Cognate with Scots sae, Western Frisian sa, Low German so, Dutch zo, German so, Danish , Old Latin suad, Albanian sa, Ancient Greek ὡς 〈hōs〉. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /səʊ/
  • (US) /soʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}} (some non-standard dialects)
conjunction: {{en-con}}
  1. In order that. exampleEat your broccoli so you can have dessert.
  2. With the result that; for that reason; therefore.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 1 , [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5535161W Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’{{nb...}}.” So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.”
    exampleI was hungry so I asked if there was any more food. exampleHe ate too much cake, so he fell ill. exampleHe wanted a book, so he went to the library. example“I need to go to the bathroom.” </br>―So go!” 〈“I need to go to the bathroom.” </br>―So go!”〉
  3. (archaic) Provided that; on condition that, as long as.
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, II.18: As we cal money not onely that which is true and good, but also the false; so it be currant.
    • John Milton Though all the winds of doctrine were let loose play upon the earth, so truth be in the field, we do injuriously, by licensing and prohibiting, to misdoubt her strength.
Chiefly in North American use, a comma or pause is often used before the conjunction when used in the sense with the result that. (A similar meaning can often be achieved by using a semicolon or colon (without the so), as for example: He drank the poison; he died.) Synonyms: (in order that) so that, that
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. To the (explicitly stated) extent that. exampleIt was so hot outside that all the plants died.&emsp; {{nowrap}}
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 1 , [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5535161W Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “Thinks I to myself, &ldquo;Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer &lsquo;cottage&rsquo;{{nb...}}.&rdquo; So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.”
    • 1963, Mike Hawker, Ivor Raymonde (music and lyrics), Dusty Springfield (vocalist), I Only Want to Be with You (single), Don′t know what it is that makes me love you so, / I only know I never want to let you go.
  2. (informal) To the (implied) extent. exampleI need a piece of cloth <u>so</u> long. [= this long]
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 2 , “We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    1. (informal) Very (positive clause). exampleHe is <u>so</u> good!
      • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} Captain Edward Carlisle…felt a curious sensation of helplessness seize upon him as he met her steady gaze,{{nb...}}; he could not tell what this prisoner might do. He cursed the fate which had assigned such a duty, cursed especially that fate which forced a gallant soldier to meet so superb a woman as this under handicap so hard.
    2. (informal) Very (negative clause). exampleIt’s not so bad. [i.e. it's acceptable] 〈It’s not so bad. [i.e. it's acceptable]〉
    3. (slang, chiefly, US) Very much. exampleBut I <u>so</u> want to see the Queen when she visits our town!&emsp; That is <u>so</u> {{nowrap}}
      • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} Molly the dairymaid came a little way from the rickyard, and said she would pluck the pigeon that very night after work. She was always ready to do anything for us boys; and we could never quite make out why they scolded her so for an idle hussy indoors. It seemed so unjust.
  3. In a particular manner. examplePlace the napkin on the table just so.
  4. In the same manner or to the same extent as aforementioned; also. exampleJust as you have the right to your free speech, so I have the right to mine.&emsp; {{nowrap}}&emsp; {{nowrap}}
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood "Good morrow to thee, jolly fellow," quoth Robin, "thou seemest happy this merry morn." ¶ "Ay, that am I," quoth the jolly Butcher, "and why should I not be so? Am I not hale in wind and limb? Have I not the bonniest lass in all Nottinghamshire? And lastly, am I not to be married to her on Thursday next in sweet Locksley Town?"
    • {{quote-news}}
  5. (with as) To such an extent or degree; as. exampleso far as;&emsp; so long as;&emsp; so much as
Use of so in the sense to the implied extent is discouraged in formal writing; spoken intonation which might render the usage clearer is not usually apparent to the reader, who might reasonably expect the extent to be made explicit. For example, the reader may expect He is so good to be followed by an explanation or consequence of how good he is. Devices such as use of underscoring and the exclamation mark may be used as a means of clarifying that the implicit usage is intended; capitalising SO is also used. The derivative subsenses very and very much are similarly more apparent with spoken exaggerated intonation. The difference between so and very in implied-extent usage is that very is more descriptive or matter-of-fact, while so indicates more emotional involvement. This so is used by both men and women, but more frequently by women. For example, she is very pretty is a simple statement of fact; she is so pretty suggests admiration. Likewise, that is very typical is a simple statement; that is SO typical of him! is an indictment. A formal (and reserved) apology may be expressed I am very sorry, but after elbowing someone in the nose during a basketball game, a man might say, Dude, I am so sorry! in order to ensure that it's understood as an accident.Mark Liberman, [http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=3866 "Ask Language Log: So feminine?"], 2012 March 26 Synonyms: (very) really, truly, that, very, (to a particular extent) that, this, yea, (in a particular manner) like this, thus, (slang: very much) really, truly, very much
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. True, accurate. exampleThat is so.&emsp; {{nowrap}}
    • {{RQ:Frgsn Zlnstn}} “My Continental prominence is improving,” I commented dryly. ¶ Von Lindowe cut at a furze bush with his silver-mounted rattan. ¶ “Quite so,” he said as dryly, his hand at his mustache. “I may say if your intentions were known your life would not be worth a curse.”
  2. In that state or manner; with that attribute. ( replaces the aforementioned adjective phrase)
    • 1823, Andrew Reed (minister), Martha If this separation was painful to all parties, it was most so to Martha.
    • 1872, Charles Dickens, J., The Personal History of David Copperfield But if I had been more fit to be married, I might have made you more so too.
    • {{RQ:WBsnt IvryGt}} At twilight in the summer…the mice come out. They…eat the luncheon crumbs. Mr. Checkly, for instance, always brought his dinner in a paper parcel in his coat-tail pocket, and ate it when so disposed, sprinkling crumbs lavishly…on the floor.
  3. (dated, UK, slang) Homosexual. exampleIs he so?
Synonyms: (true) correct, right, true, (euphemistic: homosexual) musical, one of the family, one of them, that way inclined
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Used after a pause for thought to introduce a new topic, question or story. exampleSo, let's go home. exampleSo, what'll you have? exampleSo, there was this squirrel stuck in the chimney...
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 11 , [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5535161W Mr. Pratt's Patients] , So, after a spell, he decided to make the best of it and shoved us into the front parlor. 'Twas a dismal sort of place, with hair wreaths, and wax fruit, and tin lambrekins, and land knows what all.”
  2. Short for so what example"You park your car in front of my house every morning." — "So?" 〈"You park your car in front of my house every morning." — "So?"〉
  3. Be as you are; stand still; used especially to cows; also used by sailors.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) A syllable used in solfège to represent the fifth note of a major scale.
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. someone
Synonyms: sb
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
anagrams:
  • O's, OS, o's, os
soak etymology From Middle English soken, from Old English socian, from Proto-Germanic *sukōną, causative of Proto-Germanic *sūkaną. Cognate with Middle Dutch soken. More at suck. pronunciation
  • (British) {{enPR}}, /səʊk/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /soʊk/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To be saturated with liquid by being immersed in it. exampleI'm going to soak in the bath for a couple of hours.
    • Bible, Book of Isaiah xxiv. 7 Their land shall be soaked with blood.
  2. (transitive) To immerse in liquid to the point of saturation or thorough permeation. exampleSoak the beans overnight before cooking.
  3. (intransitive) To penetrate or permeate by saturation. exampleThe water soaked into my shoes and gave me wet feet.
    • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) The rivulet beneath soaked its way obscurely through wreaths of snow.
  4. (transitive) To allow (especially a liquid) to be absorbed; to take in, receive. (usually + up) exampleA sponge soaks up water; the skin soaks in moisture. exampleI soaked up all the knowledge I could at university.
    • 1927, [http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL2416183A F. E. Penny] , 4, [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL16814587W Pulling the Strings] , “The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff.”
  5. (slang, dated) To drink intemperate or gluttonous.
  6. (metallurgy) To heat a metal before shaping it.
  7. (ceramics, ) To hold a kiln at a particular temperature for a given period of time. exampleWe should soak the kiln at cone 9 for half an hour.
  8. (figurative) To absorb; to drain. {{rfquotek}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An immersion in water etc.
    • "After the climb, I had a nice long soak in a bath."
  2. (slang, British) A drunkard.
  3. (Australia) A low-lying depression that fills with water after rain.
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber & Faber 2003, p. 38: I set off early to walk along the Melbourne Road where, one of the punters had told me, there was a soak with plenty of frogs in it.
anagrams:
  • koas
  • oaks
  • okas
soak the runner
verb: soak the runner (soaks, soaked, soaking)
  1. (baseball, slang, 1800s) To throw the ball at the runner in order to "tag" him out (illegal after 1845)
Synonyms: plug the runner
soap Alternative forms: sope (obsolete) etymology From Middle English sope, sape, from Old English sāpe, from Proto-Germanic *saipǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *seyb-, *seyp-. Cognate with Scots saip, sape, Western Frisian sjippe, Dutch zeep, Low German sepe, German Seife, Swedish såpa, Icelandic sápa. Related also to Old English sāp, Latin sēbum. See seep. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /soʊp/
  • (RP) /səʊp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) a substance able to mix with both oil and water, used for cleaning, often in the form of a solid bar or in liquid form, derived from fat or made synthetically exampleI tried washing my hands with soap, but the stain wouldn't go away.
  2. (chemistry) a metallic salt derived from a fatty acid
  3. a flattery or excessively complacent conversation
  4. (slang) money, specially when used for bribing purposes
  5. (countable, informal) short of soap opera
  6. (countable, informal) short of soaper
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To apply soap to in washing. exampleBe sure to soap yourself well before rinsing.
  2. (transitive, informal) To cover, lather or in any other form treat with soap, often as a prank. exampleThose kids soaped my windows!
  3. (transitive, informal) To be discreet about (a topic).
  4. (slang, dated) To flatter; to wheedle.
Synonyms: (to be discreet about) soft soap, sugar soap, soft-pedal, downplay
related terms:
  • soaper
  • saponification
anagrams:
  • OAPs
{{catlangcode}}
soap dodger
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous) A dirty person; one who does not bathe often.
soapie etymology From soap + ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, informal) A soap opera.
    • 1988, Gunther Kress, Communication and Culture, New South Wales University Press, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=MkjaShbm7ncC&pg=PA177&lpg=PA177&dq=%22soapie%22|%22soapies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=s2-VNc8avx&sig=RdEnPbShgsiMf-kkbI0vXPBi2CE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=v0hXUI_RKe-wiQeZqIDIBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22soapie%22|%22soapies%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 177], The conventions include…impossibly complicated interrelationships (most characters in soapies are either related or married or have slept together, and in celebrated instances, all three).
    • 1994, Gaile McGregor, EcCentric Visions: Re Constructing Australia, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=EM0x0uXZEZoC&pg=PA187&lpg=PA187&dq=%22soapie%22|%22soapies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=05g3OLhfVB&sig=9hlMxVAkqptH6TQsfgJU3CzKfcQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=v0hXUI_RKe-wiQeZqIDIBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22soapie%22|%22soapies%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 187], In terms of its general mood, the average Australian soapie, in comparison with the American soap, is less intense, less subjective, and certainly a good deal less angst-ridden.
    • {{quote-news}}
Synonyms: soap (US)
anagrams:
  • apiose
soap opera {{wikipedia}} etymology From soap + opera: soap from the soap and detergent commercials originally broadcast during the shows, which were aimed at women who were cleaning their house at the time of viewing; opera from the melodramatic character of the shows.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A radio or television serial, typically broadcast in the afternoon or evening, about the lives of melodramatic characters, which are often filled with strong emotion, highly dramatic situations and suspense.
Synonyms: soap (colloquial), daytime serial; story (colloquial, popular among older people)
SOB etymology Initialism. pronunciation
  • (US) /ˌɛs oʊ ˈbi/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (coarse, slang) son of a bitch
  2. (uncountable) shortness of breath
anagrams:
  • BSO
  • Obs
  • OSB
sobfest etymology sob + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Something sad or moving, especially a film.
    • 2000, Jan King, It's a Girl Thing: The Hilarious Truth About Women, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2000), ISBN 9780740789113, page 6: But the most star-crossed pair of them all was Barbra Streisand and Robert Redford in the cinematic sobfest The Way We Were.
    • 2008, Alan Gelb, Conquering the College Admissions Essay in 10 Steps: Crafting a Winning Personal Statement, Ten Speed Press (2008), ISBN 9780307768513, page 68: In terms of tonal errors, another common mishap is the maudlin sobfest—an essay that's foolishly and tearfully sentimental.
    • 2012, Jess Walter, Beautiful Ruins, HarperCollins (2012), ISBN 9780062098085, unnumbered page: Yeah, it might have even been a great pitch—for a film that could never be made: a Western epic with no gunfights and no romance, a three-hour sobfest that ends with the villain eating the hero's child.
  2. (informal) An episode of intense cry.
    • 2010, Louann Brizendine, The Male Brain: A Breakthrough Understanding of How Men and Boys Think, Three Rivers Press (2010), ISBN 9780767927543, page 121: During the menopause, one wrong word or even just a look from Tom could send her slamming doors throughout the house and taking refuge in her greenhouse for a private sobfest.
    • 2010, Thomas M. Hill, Warrior's Song, Lampas Books (2010), ISBN 9781461099536, page 228: I smiled and then looked away, feeling a bit awkward and on the verge of a full-out sobfest.
    • 2011, Cindy Beall, Healing Your Marriage When Trust Is Broken: Finding Forgiveness and Restoration, Harvest House Publishers (2011), ISBN 9780736943161, page 180: Every single time Chris and I have shared our story with others, both of us have started to cry. Not an all-out sobfest, but a few tears falling down our cheeks.
Synonyms: (something sad or moving) cryfest, tearjerker, (intense crying episode) cryfest
soc pronunciation
  • /soʊʃ/
etymology 1
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, uncountable) Sociology or social science
  2. (slang, countable) upper class youth
    • 1967, , The Outsiders, page 2: We get jumped by the Socs. I'm not sure how you spell it, but it's the abbreviation for the Socials, the jet set, the West-side rich kids.
Alternative forms: Soc
etymology 2 Alternative forms: sock, soke
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, legal, obsolete) The lord's power or privilege of holding a court in a district, as in manor or lordship; jurisdiction of cause, and the limits of that jurisdiction.
  2. (UK, obsolete) Liberty or privilege of tenant excused from customary burdens.
  3. (UK, obsolete) An exclusive privilege formerly claimed by miller of grind all the corn used within the manor or township in which the mill stands.
anagrams:
  • cos , 'cos, Cos
  • CSO
  • OCS
  • SCO
social {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle French social, from Latin sociālis, from socius, from sequor. Cognate with English seg. More at seg. pronunciation
  • /səʊʃl̩/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A festive gathering to foster introductions. They organized a social at the dance club to get people to know each other.
  2. (Canadian Prairies) A dance held to raise money for a couple to be married.
  3. (British, colloquial) abbreviation of social security benefit, the UK government department responsible for administering such welfare benefit{{,}} for its employees. Fred hated going down to the social to sign on.
  4. (US, colloquial) abbreviation of social security number What's your social?
  5. (dated, Ireland) A dinner dance event, usually held annually by a company or sporting club.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Being extrovert or outgoing. James is a very social guy; he knows lots of people.
  2. Of or relating to society.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    Teresa feels uncomfortable in certain social situations. Unemployment is a social problem.
  3. (Internet) Relating to social media or social network. social gaming
  4. (rare) Relating to a nation's allies (compare )
  5. (botany, zoology) Cooperating or growing in groups. a social insect
antonyms:
  • antisocial
  • unsocial
  • asocial
related terms:
  • sociality
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
socialism of the chair etymology Calque of German Kathedersozialismus.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (historical, 1870s, derogatory) The policy, advocated by a group of German political economist, of state aid for the betterment of the working class.
social justice warrior
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: social justice, warrior a social justice activist.
    • 1995, Tim Dugdale, I Couldn't Care Less: A Novel, Black Moss Press (ISBN 9780887532764), page 33 Conny was a local painter who had achieved modest fame in the Canadian art scene with his experiments in New Age macho realism: the sensitive male writ large as compassionate lover, social justice warrior and loyal son to Mother Earth.
    • 1998, Daniel J. Faber, The Struggle for Ecological Democracy: Environmental Justice Movements in the United States, Guilford Press (ISBN 9781572303423) This book is dedicated to the memory of a great environmental and social justice warrior, mother, labor organizer, singer-songwriter, Earth Firstler activist, and much, much more Judi Bari (1949-1977)
  2. (neologism, often, pejorative) An online activist who zealously promote social justice cause.
    • 2014, Krista D. Ball, Hustlers, Harlots, and Heroes: A Regency and Steampunk Field Guide, Tyche Books Ltd. (ISBN 9781928025030) How will your upper class social justice warrior cope with men swearing and pushing each other? Will she faint at the first sight of blood from a split lip? Or will she hike up her skirts, grab a hot soup spoon, and brain the first aggressor she can find?
    • 2014, Joe Cooper, It's Not 'Unwisdom', It's Hubris -- Hubris often indicates a loss of contact with reality., soc.culture.usa, Usenet But the partisan liberals in the Obama adminstration think that the rules don't apply to them. They are blind to the dragon's teeth of division and mistrust that their social justice politics sows in the body politic. They honor and celebrate the "activist," the "community organizer" and the social justice warrior, whose proud life purpose is to "raise consciousness" of injustice and marginalization.
    • 2014, Laura VanArendonk Baugh, Con Job, Æclipse Press (ISBN 9780985934965), page 101 Daniel raised an eyebrow. “Do you happen to have an expert handy on toxic pesticides in the food supply?” Jacob blew out his breath. “No, but — hold on, yes, I might.” He drew out his phone. “Let me text my favorite social justice warrior.” Jessica might not know much about arsenic and pesticides, but she would certainly know who would.
    • 2014, Thejendra B.S., Digital Wildfires: How to Become a Social Justice Warrior, Createspace Independent Pub (ISBN 9781500348861)
    • 2015, Peggy Noonan, "The Trigger-Happy Generation", The Wall Street Journal, Vol. CCLXV No. 120 Finally, social justice warriors always portray themselves—and seem to experience themselves—as actively suffering victims who need protection.
Synonyms: SJW (abbreviation) In recent usage (especially on the Internet), often carries connotations of "armchair" theorising, patronising attitude, complain about non-issue, or hypocrisy.
socio
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) At an institute of education, a class where sociology is taught.
  2. (informal) The discipline of sociology.
    • 1999, Lynn Freed, The bungalow Just as I stood apart from the sort of Jewish women who majored in psych and socio at the local university and announced their engagements just before graduation.
sock {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /sɑk/
  • (RP) /sɒk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1
  • From Middle English socke, sokke, sok, from Old English socc, a gmw borrowing from Latin soccus, from Ancient Greek σύκχος 〈sýkchos〉, probably from xpg or from other Anatolian language. Cognate with Scots sok, West Frisian foetsok, Dutch sok, German Socke, Danish sok, sokke, Swedish sock, socka, Icelandic sokkur.
noun: {{en-noun}} (sox is informal and non-standard)
  1. A knitted or woven covering for the foot
  2. A shoe worn by Greco-Roman comedy actors
  3. A violent blow, punch
  4. (Internet slang) sock puppet
  5. (firearms, informal) a gun sock
etymology 2
  • Unknown, but compare Portuguese soco ("a hit with one's hand; a punch").
{{etystub}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To hit or strike violently; to deliver a blow to. They may let you off the first time, but the second time they'll sock it to you. — James Jones
etymology 3 French soc, ll {{lena}} soccus, perhaps of Celtic origin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A ploughshare.
    • D. Brewster, The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia In Wexford, the beam is shorter than in any of the other counties, and the sock in general is of cast iron.
sockdolager Alternative forms: sockdologer, sogdolloger etymology unknown, 1827 US,America in So Many Words: Words That Have Shaped America, by David K. Barnhart, Allan A. Metcalf, “1827 sockdolager”, p. [http://books.google.com/books?id=SYrJZLjgDmIC&pg=PA127&dq=sockdolager 127] presumably fanciful variant of sock; compare .{{R:World Wide Words|weirdwords/ww-soc1|Sockdolager|17 Oct. 1998|20 Apr. 2006}}14 American English Abroad, Richard W. Bailey, 14.1 Introduction, pp. [http://books.google.com/books?id=ia5tHVtQPn8C&pg=PA456&q=sockdologizing#v=onepage 456–458], in ''The Cambridge History of the English Language,'' Volume 6, 1992 Various speculative etymologies have been suggested, such as corruption of doxology, due to this occurring at the end of church worship, hence “finality”.''Dictionary of Americanisms'' (1848), by {{w|John Russell Bartlett}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, obsolete) a hard hit, a knockout or finishing blow
    • 1831, James Kirke Paulding, Lion of the West: He’ll come off as badly as a feller I once hit a sledge hammer lick over the head—a real sogdolloger.
    • 1838, James Fenimore Cooper, Home as Found: There is but one ‘sogdollager’ in the universe, and that is in Lake Oswego.
    • 1859, Bartlett's Dictionary of Americanisms "I gave the fellow a socdolager over his head with the barrel of my gun,"
    • 1884, , , Chapter 20. The thunder would go rumbling and grumbling away, and quit—and then rip comes another flash and another sockdologer.
  2. (US, slang, obsolete) something exceptional, a whopper
    • 1953, Ray Bradbury, The Murderer: Hey, Al, thought I'd call you from the locker room out here at Green Hills. Just made a sockdolager hole in one! A hole in one, Al! (etc.)
  3. (US, angling) A combination of two hook which close upon each other, by means of a spring, as soon as the fish bite.
sockeroo etymology Compare sockdolager, socko.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, dated) Something remarkably impressive or successful.
sock-knocking etymology From the phrase knock someone's socks off
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, rare, informal) stunning, amazing, very impressive.
    • 2009, Frank Tinsman, Chaos and Rage (page 98) Hardware or software, if there was one thing Morton did astoundingly well, it was concocting sock-knocking techno gizmo solutions to the most arcane problems.
socko
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, slang) Superb, excellent, stunning.
    • 1982, Harold Robbins, Spellbinder If you want people to come back and turn you on every week, you have to come up with a socko ending.
    • 2004, John Kennedy Toole, A Confederacy of Dunces "Then let me get on the stage and dance. I got a socko routine."
anagrams:
  • cooks
so crazy it just might work
phrase: so crazy it just might work
  1. (informal) Possibly feasible though unconventional; plausible and previously unconsidered as a course of action.
Socreds
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (politics, slang) Diminutive of Social Credit Party
Synonyms: Social Credit, Social Credit Party
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of Socred
sod pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 {{etystub}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) That stratum of the surface of the soil which is filled with the roots of grass, or any portion of that surface; turf; sward.
    • Collins She there shall dress a sweeter sod / Than Fancy's feet have ever trod.
  2. Turf grown and cut specifically for the establishment of lawn. The landscaper rolled sod onto the bare earth and made a presentable lawn by nightfall.
related terms:
  • soddie
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To cover with sod. He sodded the worn areas twice a year.
etymology 2 From sodomize, by shortening
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, vulgar) Sodomite; bugger.
  2. (British, slang, mildly pejorative, formerly considered vulgar) A person, usually male; often qualified with an adjective. You mean old sod! poor sod unlucky sod
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (UK, vulgar) expression of surprise, contempt, outrage, disgust, boredom, frustration.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, British, slang, vulgar) Bugger; sodomize.
  2. (transitive, British, slang, vulgar) Damn, curse, confound. Sod him!, Sod it!, Sod that bastard!
etymology 3 Originally a {{back-form}} the past participle (sodden).
verb: {{head}}
  1. (obsolete) en-simple past of seethe
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) Boiled.
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, New York, 2001, p.223: Beer, if it be over-new, or over-stale, over-strong, or not sod,…is most unwholesome, frets, and galls, etc.
  2. (Australia, of bread) Sodden; incompletely risen. sod damper
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) A damper (bread) which has failed to rise, remaining a flat lump.
    • 1954, Tom Ronan, Vision Splendid, quoted in Tom Burton, Words in Your Ear, Wakefield Press (1999), ISBN 1-86254-475-1, page 120: And Mart the cook the shovel took / And swung the damper to and fro. / 'Another sod, so help me God, / That's fourteen in a flamin' row.
etymology 4
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The rock dove.
anagrams:
  • DOS, DoS, do's, dos, DSO, dso, ODS, ods, SDO
Sod's law {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /sɒdz lɔː/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) the principle that what can go wrong, will go wrong, usually with some observed degree of irony It's Sod's law that it will rain when going for a picnic.
Synonyms: Murphy's law
anagrams:
  • old saws
soda etymology From Italian soda, from Arabic {{rfscript}} suwwad (saltwort). pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈsəʊdə/
  • (US) /ˈsoʊdə/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Sodium bicarbonate.
  2. (uncountable) Sodium in chemical combination.
  3. (uncountable) Carbonated water (originally made with sodium bicarbonate).
  4. (chiefly, US, regional, especially, in the northeast, uncountable) Any carbonated (usually sweet) soft drink.
  5. (chiefly, US, regional, especially, in the northeast, countable) A glass, bottle or can of this drink.
Synonyms: (drink, glass of this drink) carbonated drink, fizzy drink, fizz (UK), (fizzy) pop (Northern US, Canada), soda pop (US), soft drink, coke (Southern US)
anagrams:
  • ados
  • dosa
  • odas
sod a dog
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (UK, mildly, vulgar) expression of surprise, contempt, outrage, disgust, boredom, frustration.
    • 2006, Kristina Dalton, Vampire's Lover "Sod a dog." He shook his head. "She'll have a rant, then forgive me."
    • 2009, G Glass, The Rockstar "Sod a dog, will you look at that? I've never seen so many CD's. Ya got a record store right here in yer room."
sod all
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, slang, idiomatic) nothing My holiday was rubbish, there was sod all in the way of things to do.
anagrams:
  • aldols
  • allods
soda water etymology From sodium bicarbonate, originally a constituent of soda water.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. carbonated water, water that has carbon dioxide dissolved in it and has been stored under pressure in a bottle. Usually mixed before drinking with another beverage. Scotch and soda is a mixture of Scotch whisky and soda water.
Synonyms: seltzer, seltzer water, club soda
sodbuster etymology sod + buster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) an agricultural labourer or farmer
sodcast etymology {{blend}}, possibly influenced by podcast. pronunciation
  • (UK): /'sɒdkɑːst/, /'sɒdkast/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, slang, neologism) To play music on a mobile phone or other portable device in public, without regard for those around.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
sodcasting
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang, neologism) Playing music on a mobile phone or other portable device in public, without regard for those around.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • 2014, Wayne Marshall, "Treble Culture", in The Oxford Handbook of Mobile Music Studies, Oxford University Press (ISBN 9780199913664), page 61 Take, for example, the following passage from Dan Hancox's blog post about sodcasting and note in particular how Hancox names a variety of technologies — from filesharing software limewire to mobile phones—and the way their traces seem to issue from the crunchy timbres and impoverished (bass) frequencies of the music itself, qualities which have come to periodize these recordings for the author and his cohorts.
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of sodcast
soddie {{wikipedia}} etymology From sod + ie. Alternative forms: soddy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, Canada, informal) A house constructed from block of sod, once common in the prairie of the United States and Canada.
    • 1988, Glenda Riley, The Female Frontier, [http//books.google.com/books?id=J_q1AAAAIAAJ&q=%22soddie|soddies%22&dq=%22soddie|soddies%22&hl=en&ei=eZKETumxM-X6mAWqyd0Z&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBzgK page 87], The soddie could be a freestanding structure made of slabs of sod cut by a plow, or it could be a dugout partially bored into the side of a hill or into the ground.
    • 1995, Julie Garwood, Prince Charming, [http//books.google.com/books?id=nKa8Ww1BQp8C&q=%22soddie|soddies%22&dq=%22soddie|soddies%22&hl=en&ei=eZKETumxM-X6mAWqyd0Z&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CD4Q6AEwBDgK page 247], I learned how to make a soddie into a home.
    • 2004, Marie Kramer, Grandchildren of the Pioneers, [http//books.google.com/books?id=TWP69gJYm90C&pg=PA56&dq=%22soddie|soddies%22&hl=en&ei=eZKETumxM-X6mAWqyd0Z&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDAQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=%22soddie|soddies%22&f=false page 56], “Living in a soddy!” exclaimed Marie. “I didn't know there was anyone alive today who lived in a soddy. In our part of Nebraska, soddies went out of existence around the beginning of the 1900s.” “Oh, we had soddies for a long time after that,” said Robert. “This area was too poor to afford lumber for housing. Quite a few of us lived in soddies when we were kids.”
    • 2010, Brenda K. Marshall, Dakota, Or What's a Heaven For, [http//books.google.com/books?id=0xYB7m_M6b4C&pg=PT59&dq=%22soddie|soddies%22&hl=en&ei=eZKETumxM-X6mAWqyd0Z&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=%22soddie|soddies%22&f=false unnumbered page], It is better now that we do not live in the soddie, but to Mor it does not seem better.
sodding
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of sod
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (mildly, vulgar) An intensifier. Open the sodding door!
sodding hell
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (UK, vulgar, mildly, blasphemous) expression of surprise, contempt, outrage, disgust, boredom, frustration.
sodium bicarb
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) sodium bicarbonate.
sod off
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, idiomatic, vulgar, colloquial, dismissal) Go away. Why don't you just sod off and leave me alone? He was here a minute ago but now he's sodded off.
Synonyms: (similar register) bugger off, (standard) be off, depart, go, go away, leave, take off, take one's leave, (colloquial) clear off, (taboo slang) fuck off, piss off, See also
sodomite etymology Sodom + ite
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who practices sodomy; a sodomist.
  2. (derogatory) A female or male homosexual.
    • 2011, Sherry Marie Velasco, Lesbians in Early Modern Spain, Page 45 … calling her a “sodomite” …
related terms:
  • sodomitess
  • sodomitic
  • sodomitical
  • sodomy
anagrams:
  • doomiest
  • moodiest
sofa king Alternative forms: Sofa King etymology Punning form of so fucking, after the name of a furniture shop in Northampton. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈsəʊfə ˌkɪŋ/
  • (US) /ˈsoʊfə ˌkɪŋ/
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang, rare, humorous, nonstandard) Very, extremely.
    • Pattaya Hash, Avram Mednick, 2010, ““I'm Sofa King lucky!” he thought, as he drifted off.”
    • Everything Lovely, Effortless, Safe, page 85, Jenny Hollowell, 2010, “So fucking beautiful, Jules kept saying and the dictator's grandson repeated after her, trying out the words. Sofa king beautiful, he chanted. Sofa king beautiful.”
    • And Then Things Fall Apart, Arlaina Tibensky, 2011, ““That is sofa king ridiculous, Mom.” “And don't 'sofa king' me, Keek. In the mood for this, I am not.””
    • 2012, "Sofa King ad banned in UK over F-bomb similarity", New York Post, February 29 The Sofa King said the phrase "Where the Prices are Sofa King Low!" had been the firm's slogan since it began trading nine years ago
    • To me, this all seems sofa king stupid. (Language Log, March 1, 2012)
    • N.Y. Knicks' Jeremy Lin: Dunks are Sofa King unexpected (New Jersey Newsroom.com, February 10, 2012)
sofa painting
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) A painting that is acquired to match a color scheme or match a sofa.
soft pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /sɔft/, {{enPR}}
  • (cot-caught) /sɑft/, {{enPR}}
  • (RP) /sɒft/, {{enPR}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
etymology From Middle English softe, from Old English sōfte, alteration of earlier sēfte, from Proto-Germanic *samftijaz, from *sōmiz, from Proto-Indo-European *sem-. Cognate with Dutch zacht, German sanft, Old Norse sœmr, Old Norse samr. More at seem, same.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Easily giving way under pressure. My head sank easily into the soft pillow.
  2. (of cloth or similar material) Smooth and flexible; not rough, rugged, or harsh. Polish the silver with a soft cloth to avoid scratching. soft silk; a soft skin
    • Bible, Matt. xi. 8 They that wear soft clothing are in kings' houses.
  3. Gentle. There was a soft breeze blowing.
    • Shakespeare I would to God my heart were flint, like Edward's; / Or Edward's soft and pitiful, like mine.
    • Tyndale The meek or soft shall inherit the earth.
  4. Expressing gentleness or tenderness; mild; conciliatory; courteous; kind. soft eyes
    • Bible, Proverbs xv. 1 A soft answer turneth away wrath.
    • Wordsworth A face with gladness overspread, / Soft smiles, by human kindness bred.
  5. Gentle in action or motion; easy.
    • Milton On her soft axle, white she paces even, / And bears thee soft with the smooth air along.
  6. Weak in character; impressible.
    • Glanvill The deceiver soon found this soft place of Adam's.
  7. Requiring little or no effort; easy. a soft job
  8. Not bright or intense. soft lighting
  9. (of a road intersection) Having an acute angle. At the intersection, there are two roads going to the left. Take the soft left.
  10. (of a sound) Quiet. I could hear the soft rustle of the leaves in the trees.
    • Shakespeare Her voice was ever soft, / Gentle, and low, — an excellent thing in woman.
  11. (linguistics) voiced, sonant DH represents the voiced (soft) th of English these clothes. — ,
  12. (linguistics, rare) voiceless
  13. (linguistics, Slavic languages) palatalized
  14. (slang) Lacking strength or resolve, wimpy. When it comes to drinking, he is as soft as they come.
  15. (of water) Low in dissolved calcium compounds. You won't need as much soap, as the water here is very soft.
  16. (UK, colloquial) Foolish.
    • Burton He made soft fellows stark noddies, and such as were foolish quite mad.
  17. (physics) Of a ferromagnetic material; a material that becomes essentially non magnetic when an external magnetic field is removed, a material with a low magnetic coercivity. (compare hard)
  18. (of a person) Physically or emotionally weak.
  19. Incomplete, or temporary; not a full action. The admin imposed a soft block/ban on the user or a soft lock on the article.
  20. (UK, of a man) Effeminate.
    • Jeremy Taylor A longing after sensual pleasures is a dissolution of the spirit of a man, and makes it loose, soft, and wandering.
  21. Agreeable to the senses. a soft liniment soft wines
    • Milton the soft, delicious air
  22. Not harsh or offensive to the sight; not glaring or jagged; pleasing to the eye. soft colours the soft outline of the snow-covered hill
    • Sir Thomas Browne The sun, shining upon the upper part of the clouds … made the softest lights imaginable.
Synonyms: (giving way under pressure) see , (of a cloth) non-abrasive, fluffy, (gentle) gentle, light, nesh, (of a sound) quiet, (lacking strength or resolve) meek, mild, wimpy, nesh, (foolish) daft, foolish, silly, stupid
antonyms:
  • (giving way under pressure) hard, resistant, solid, stony
  • (of a cloth) abrasive, scratchy
  • (gentle) harsh, rough, strong
  • (acute) hard
  • (of a sound) loud
  • (lacking strength or resolve) firm, strict, tough
  • (of water) hard
  • (foolish) sensible
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (archaic) Be quiet; hold; stop; not so fast.
    • Shakespeare Soft, you; a word or two before you go. But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks?
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (obsolete) Softly; without roughness or harshness; gently; quietly.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) A knight soft riding toward them.
    • {{RQ:BLwnds TLdgr}} There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A soft or foolish person; an idiot. {{rfquotek}}
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
softcore
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. pornography that does not contain depictions of explicit sexual penetration.
Synonyms: erotica
antonyms:
  • hardcore
related terms:
  • soft-core
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, of music genres, subcultures, etc.) Less intense, committed or aggressive than hardcore.
    • 1999, Lauraine Leblanc, Pretty in Punk: Girls' Gender Resistance in a Boys' Subculture (page 55) Distinct from hardcore punks, softcore punks expressed less commitment to punk values …
soft drink {{wikipedia}} etymology So called in contrast to strong alcoholic beverages, which are "hard liquor".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any carbonated, usually sweet, non-alcoholic drink. (In this sense, juice, milk, tea and coffee are not soft drinks.)
  2. (broadly speaking) Any non-alcoholic drink.
hyponyms:
  • coke (most common term in the Southeastern US)Matthew T. Campbell, Spatial Graphics and Analysis Lab, East Central University of Oklahoma: [http://www.popvssoda.com/countystats/total-county.html][http://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/staticmaps/q_105.html dialect survey]
  • fizzy drink
  • lemonade
  • pop (most common term in the upper West and upper Midwest of the US, including western WI, most of IL including Chicago, MI, IN, OH, WV and western PA)
  • soda (most common term in HI, CA, eastern MO, southwestern IL, eastern WI and New England)
  • soda pop
  • See also
antonyms:
  • hard liquor
softheaded etymology soft + headed Alternative forms: soft-headed
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Lacking sound judgment or resolve; stupid; weak-minded.
    • 1880, , A Tramp Abroad, Appendix E, How my fool of a soft-headed soft-hearted brother would rage if he knew how cunningly I have saved his pocket.
Synonyms: soft in the head
soft Mick etymology This phrase may originally have referred to an Irish shoe peddler working around , East Lancashire, in the early 1900s, from the phrase "More shoes than Soft Mick".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, British, idiomatic) An extravagant person
The phrase to have more than Soft Mick means to possess an extravagant quantity of that thing.
softship etymology From soft + ship, modelled after hardship.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, often, humorous) Ease; comfort; convenience.
    • 1877, William Mattieu Williams, Through Norway with ladies - Page 2: In 1856 I courted hardship, went out of my way in search of it, selected the North because hardship was most attainable there ; now my object is exactly reversed, it is not hardship, but (I should like to say "softship," but dare not) the utmost [...]
    • 1920, Jared Sparks, Edward Everett, James Russell Lowell, The North American Review - Volume 212 - Page 774: Until you have mended a tire on a muddy road at dusk and turned a crank for five reels of the most deadly movies, you have an entirely misleading notion as to the softships of relief work. I can think of no work of theirs more satisfying to the worker herself than the meeting of such an ...
    • 1943, Raymond Tift Fuller, Now that We Have to Walk: Exploring the Out-of-doors - Page 29: Yet not a hardship only, because a sizeable sector of living in, on, and around motoring was softship and little else.
    • 2012, Bruce Wagner, I'll Let You Go: A Novel - Page 239: [...] hardships he so gracefully endured amid numbered leave-takings from the softship of his father's customized cabin were notable and should be recorded for future invalids. real and imaginary. Exactly who was part of this airborne sodality?
antonyms:
  • hardship
softy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A weak or sentimental person.
  2. Somebody who finds it difficult to scold or punish.
  3. (computing, slang) A software expert who is ignorant of the working of hardware
  4. (informal, UK, Australia) A soft drink containing no alcohol
soil {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /sɔɪl/
etymology 1 From Middle English soile, soyle, sule, partly from xno soyl, from Latin solium, mistaken for Latin solum; and partly from Old English sol, from Proto-Germanic *sulą, from Proto-Indo-European *sūl-. Cognate with gml söle, Middle Dutch sol, Middle High German sol, söl, Danish søle. See also sole, soal.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A mixture of sand and organic material, used to support plant growth.
  2. (uncountable) The unconsolidated mineral or organic material on the immediate surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
  3. (uncountable) The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that has been subjected to and shows effects of genetic and environmental factors of: climate (including water and temperature effects), and macro- and microorganisms, conditioned by relief, acting on parent material over a period of time. A product-soil differs from the material from which it is derived in many physical, chemical, biological, and morphological properties and characteristics.
  4. Country or territory. The refugees returned to their native soil.
  5. That which soils or pollute; a stain.
    • Dryden A lady's honour … will not bear a soil.
  6. A marshy or miry place to which a hunted boar resorts for refuge; hence, a wet place, stream, or tract of water, sought for by other game, as deer.
    • Marston As deer, being stuck, fly through many soils, / Yet still the shaft sticks fast.
  7. Dung; compost; manure. night soil
    • Mortimer Improve land by dung and other sort of soils.
Synonyms: (senses 1 to 3) dirt (US), earth
related terms:
  • solum
etymology 2 From Middle English soilen, soulen, suylen, partly from Old French soillier, souillier, from Old frk *sauljan, *sulljan; partly from Old English solian, sylian, from Proto-Germanic *sulwōną, *sulwijaną, *saulijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sūl-. Cognate with osx sulian, Middle Dutch soluwen, seulewen, Old High German solagōn, bisullen, German dialectal sühlen, Danish søle, Swedish söla, Gothic 𐌱𐌹𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 〈𐌱𐌹𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽〉.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make dirt.
    • Milton Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained.
  2. (intransitive) To become dirty or soiled. Light colours soil sooner than dark ones.
  3. (transitive, figurative) To stain or mar, as with infamy or disgrace; to tarnish; to sully. {{rfquotek}}
  4. (reflexive) To dirty one's clothing by accidentally defecating while clothed.
  5. To make invalid, to ruin.
  6. To enrich with soil or muck; to manure.
    • South Men … soil their ground, not that they love the dirt, but that they expect a crop.
Synonyms: (to make dirty) smirch, besmirch, dirty
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, euphemistic) Faeces or urine etc. when found on clothes.
  2. (countable, medicine) A bag containing soiled items.
Synonyms: (faeces or urine etc.) dirt
etymology 3 From Middle English soyl, from Old French soil, souil, from frk *, from Proto-Germanic *sauljō, from Proto-Indo-European *sūl-. Cognate with Old English syle, sylu, sylen, Old High German sol, gisol, German Suhle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A wet or marshy place in which a boar or other such game seeks refuge when hunted.
etymology 4 Old French saoler, saouler.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To feed, as cattle or horses, in the barn or an enclosure, with fresh grass or green food cut for them, instead of sending them out to pasture; hence (such food having the effect of purging them), to purge by feeding on green food. to soil a horse
{{Webster 1913}}
anagrams:
  • Lois, oils, silo
solar plexus {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) A complex network of nerve and ganglia, located within the abdomen behind the stomach.
Synonyms: celiac plexus, coeliac plexus, plexus celiacus, abdominal nerve plexus
soldier Alternative forms: soldior (obsolete), soldiour (obsolete), souldier (obsolete), souldior (obsolete), souldiour (obsolete) etymology From Middle English soudeour, from Old French soudier or soudeour 'mercenary', from Malayalam soldarius 'soldier (one having pay)', from ll solidus, a type of coin. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈsəʊldʒə(ɹ)/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈsɒldʒə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A member of an army, of any rank.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) I am a soldier and unapt to weep.
    • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} Captain Edward Carlisle, soldier as he was, martinet as he was, felt a curious sensation of helplessness seize upon him as he met her steady gaze, her alluring smile ; he could not tell what this prisoner might do.
    • 2012, August 1. Owen Gibson in Guardian Unlimited, London 2012: rowers Glover and Stanning win Team GB's first gold medal Stanning, who was commissioned from Sandhurst in 2008 and has served in Aghanistan, is not the first soldier to bail out the organisers at these Games but will be among the most celebrated.
  2. A private in military service, as distinguished from an officer.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) It were meet that any one, before he came to be a captain, should have been a soldier.
  3. A guardsman.
  4. A member of the Salvation Army.
  5. (British, New Zealand) A piece of buttered bread (or toast), cut into a long thin strip and dipped into a soft-boiled egg.
  6. A term of affection for a young boy.
  7. Someone who fight or toil well.
  8. The red or cuckoo gurnard ({{taxlink}}).
  9. One of the asexual polymorphic forms of termite, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest.
Synonyms: (member of an army) grunt, sweat, old sweat, Tommy
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To continue.
  2. To be a soldier.
  3. To intentionally restrict labor productivity; to work at the slowest rate that goes unpunished. Has also been called dogging it or goldbricking. (Originally from the way that conscript may approach following orders. Usage less prevalent in the era of all-volunteer militaries.)
anagrams:
  • solider
solid {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈsɑlɪd/
  • (RP) /ˈsɒlɪd/
  • {{audio}}
etymology From Old French solide (as an adjective), from Latin solidus.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. In the state of a solid; not fluid.
  2. Large, massive.
  3. Lacking hole or hollow; as solid gold, solid chocolate.
  4. Strong or unyielding. a solid foundation
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. (slang) Excellent, of high quality, or reliable. That's a solid plan. Radiohead's on tour! Have you heard their latest album yet? It's quite solid. I don't think Dave would have done that. He's a solid dude.
  6. Hearty; filling. a solid meal
  7. Worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; substantial; not frivolous or fallacious.
    • Milton the solid purpose of a sincere and virtuous answer
    • Dryden These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of solid men.
    • J. A. Symonds The genius of the Italians wrought by solid toil what the myth-making imagination of the Germans had projected in a poem.
  8. Sound; not weakly. a solid constitution of body
  9. (typography) Written as one word, without space or hyphen. American English writes many words as solid that British English hyphenates.
  10. (printing, dated) Not having the lines separated by lead; not open.
  11. (US, politics, slang) United; without division; unanimous. The delegation is solid for a candidate.
  12. Of a single color throughout. John painted the walls solid white. He wore a solid shirt with floral pants.
  13. (dated) Having all the geometrical dimension; cubic. A solid foot contains 1,728 solid inches.
related terms:
  • solidity
  • solidly
  • solid shot
  • solid state
  • rock solid, solid as a rock
  • condensed matter
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (chemistry) A substance in the fundamental state of matter that retains its size and shape without need of a container (as opposed to a liquid or gas).
  2. (geometry) A three-dimensional figure (as opposed to a surface, an area, or a curve).
  3. (informal) A favor. Please do me a solid: lend me your car for one week. I owe him, he did me a solid last year.
    • Frames, 54, 1429930950, Loren D. Estleman, 2010, Fortunately, the president of our illustrious institution has been after me for a year to get Francis Ford Coppola to speak at next year's commencement, and Francis owes me a solid.
    • No Lights, No Sirens: The Corruption and Redemption of an Inner City Cop, 61, 006227198, Robert Cea, 2012, You can't make a move till you have about a year in a precinct, but tell you what, stay in touch. Lots a people still owe me a solid or two on the Job.
    • Crush, 0062267183, Nicole Williams, 2013, Thomas had seemed ready to spend the night on the couch, and now he couldn't get out of here fast enough. Hopping up, I followed after him. "Thanks again, Thomas," I said, opening the door for him. "I owe you a solid."
  4. An article of clothing which is of a single color throughout. I prefer solids over paisleys.
  5. (in the plural) Food which is not liquid-based. The doctor said I can't eat any solids four hours before the operation.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Solidly.
    • Roughing It, 306, UQxgAAAAMAAJ, Mark Twain, 1872, True, not ten of these mines were yielding rock worth hauling to a mill, but everybody said, "Wait till the shaft gets down where the ledge comes in solid, and then you will see!"
    • {{quote-news}}
    • 1943, The Big Rock Candy Mountain, 246, 1101077891, Wallace Stegner, Suppose, then, a whole family got sick with this flu, and no help around, and winter setting in solid and cold three weeks early?
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{RQ:Wodehouse Offing}}
    • Superstition, 239, 044655412X, David Ambrose, 1997, If true, that means he deliberately risked American and French lives, and maybe the battle, in order to get in solid with Lafayette.
    • The Courage of Captain Plum, 3, 1406849944, James Oliver Curwood, 2008, Then he drew a long-barreled revolver from under a coat that he had thrown aside and examined it carefully to see that the powder and ball were in solid and that none of the caps was missing
    • {{quote-news}}
  2. (not comparable, typography) Without space or hyphen. Many long-established compounds are set solid.
anagrams:
  • diols
  • idols
  • lidos
soloism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) The repeated practice of performing solo, especially in music or airplane flying training.
so long etymology {{der-top}} parting salutation, 1860, of unknown origin, perhaps from a German idiom (compare German parting salutation adieu so lange, the full sense of which probably is something like "farewell, whilst (we're apart)"); or perhaps from Hebrew shalom (via Yiddish sholom). Some have noted a similarity to Scandinavian leave-taking phrases, such as Norwegian Adjø så lenge, Farvel så lenge, Mor'n så lenge, literally "bye so long, farewell so long, morning so long;" and Swedish Hej så länge "good-bye for now," with så länge "for now" attested since 1850 according to Swedish sources. Most etymology sources seem to lean toward the German origin. Earlier guesses that it was a sailors' corruption of a South Pacific form of Arabic salaam are not now regarded as convincing. "Dictionary of American Slang" also adds to the list of candidates Irish slán "safe," said to be used as a salutation in parting. The phrase seems to have turned up simultaneously in America, Britain, and perhaps Canada, originally among lower classes. First attested use is in title and text of the last poem in Whitman's "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 edition. An unknown sphere, more real than I dream'd, more direct, darts awakening rays about me -- So long! Remember my words -- I may again return, I love you -- I depart from materials; I am as one disembodied, triumphant, dead. Whitman's friend and fan William Sloane Kennedy wrote in 1923: The salutation of parting -- 'So long!' -- was, I believe, until recent years, unintelligible to the majority of persons in America, especially in the interior, and to members of the middle and professional classes. I had never heard of it until I read it in Leaves of Grass, but since then have quite often heard it used by the laboring class and other classes in New England cities. Walt wrote to me, defining 'so long' thus: "A salutation of departure, greatly used among sailors, sports, & prostitutes -- the sense of it is 'Till we meet again,' -- conveying an inference that somehow they will doubtless so meet, sooner or later." ... It is evidently about equivalent to our 'See you later.' The phrase is reported as used by farm laborers near Banff, Scotland. In Canada it is frequently heard; 'and its use is not entirely confined to the vulgar.' It is in common use among the working classes of Liverpool and among sailors at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and in Dorsetshire. ... The London Globe suggests that the expression is derived from the Norwegian 'Saa laenge,' a common form of 'farewell,' au revoir. If so, the phrase was picked up from the Norwegians in America, where 'So long' first was heard. {{der-bottom}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) Goodbye; a greeting used when leaving or departing from a person or place.
anagrams:
  • logons, logs on
so long, and thanks for all the fish etymology Title of a 1984 comic novel by Douglas Adams, in which it is the last message left by dolphins for humankind after escaping Earth.
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. (humorous) goodbye
some {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English some, sum, from Old English sum, from Proto-Germanic *sumaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sem-. Cognate Scots sum, some, Northern Frisian som, sam, säm, Western Frisian sommige, somlike, Low German somige, Dutch sommige, German dialectal summige, Danish somme, Swedish somlig, Norwegian sum, som, Icelandic sumur, Gothic 𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃 〈𐍃𐌿𐌼𐍃〉. More at same. pronunciation
  • (UK) /sʌm/, [sɐm]
  • (US) /sʌm/
  • {{audio}}
  • (AusE) /sam/, [säm]
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
pronoun: {{en-pron}}
  1. A certain number, at least one.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleSome enjoy spicy food, others prefer it milder.
  2. An indefinite quantity. exampleCan I have some of them?
  3. An indefinite amount, a part. exampleplease give me some of the cake;&nbsp; everyone is wrong some of the time
Synonyms: (an indefinite quantity) a few
antonyms:
  • many
  • much
  • none
determiner: {{en-det}}
  1. A certain proportion of, at least one. exampleSome people like camping.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. An unspecified quantity or number of. exampleWould you like some grapes?
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 4 , “The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on an afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track.…Their example was followed by others at a time when the master of Mohair was superintending in person the docking of some two-year-olds, and equally invisible.”
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 22 , [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL1097634W The Mirror and the Lamp] , “In the autumn there was a row at some cement works about the unskilled labour men. A union had just been started for them and all but a few joined. One of these blacklegs was laid for by a picket and knocked out of time.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  3. An unspecified amount of (something uncountable). exampleWould you like some water?
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 10 , [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL1097634W The Mirror and the Lamp] , “It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.”
  4. A certain, an unspecified or unknown. exampleI've just met some guy who said he knew you.&nbsp;&nbsp; The sequence S converges to zero for some initial value v.
  5. A considerable quantity or number of. exampleHe had edited the paper for some years.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 2 , “We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.”
  6. {{senseid}}(informal) A remarkable. exampleHe is some acrobat!
Synonyms: a few
antonyms:
  • many
  • much
  • no
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Of a measurement; approximately, roughly I guess he must have weighed some 90 kilos. Some 30,000 spectators witnessed the feat. Some 4,000 acres of land were flooded.
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
anagrams:
  • emos, OEMs, omes
some old Alternative forms: some ol', some ole
determiner: {{head}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: some, old
  2. (US, idiomatic, informal) Some, some unspecified or yet-undetermined one (especially for emphasis). Don't worry, I'll find some old way to do it.
    • 1921, Law Notes, Vol. 40, p. 72: But I don't want you to promise anything – you're a decent old sort, and you'd be sure to make it up to me some old way or other.
    • 1930s, "Chilly Winds" (U.S. folk song), collected in John A. Lomax et al., Our Singing Country (1941), p. 294: I ain't got but one old rusty dime. / [...] Oh, I'll have a new dollar some old day, And I'll throw this old rusty dime away.
    • 1936 (recorded 1957), Foggy Mountain Boys (Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs, as "Certain and Stacey"), on Foggy Mountain Jamboree, "Some Old Day" lyrics: I've been workin' out in the rain Tied to the dirty old ball and chain Oh dear mother I'll come home some old day
    • 1970, Gram Parsons in The Flying Burrito Brothers, "$1000 Wedding" lyrics: So why don't someone here just spike his drink Why don't you do him in some old way Supposed to be a funeral
    • 2011, Wilbur Thornton, Intoxicating Winds, p. 519: [The con man] will get good folks Because they will just try to help folks in some ole way!
someplace pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal, chiefly, US) somewhere We can't find the wretched thing, but it must be someplace
somethang
pronoun: {{en-pronoun}}
  1. (slang) something
related terms:
  • thang
something {{wikipedia}} etymology some + thing pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈsʌmθɪŋ/, [ˈsɐmθɪŋ]
  • (US) /ˈsʌmθɪŋ/, sometimes reduced to [ˈsʌʔm̩] or even [sʌ̃ː]
  • {{audio}}
  • (AusE) /ˈsamθɪŋ/, [ˈsämθɪŋ]
  • {{hyphenation}}
pronoun: {{en-pron}}
  1. An uncertain or unspecified thing; one thing. exampleI must have forgotten to pack something, but I can't think what. exampleI have something for you in my bag. exampleI have a feeling something good is going to happen today.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (colloquial, of someone or something) A quality to a moderate degree. exampleThe performance was something of a disappointment. exampleThat child is something of a genius.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 5 , “Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps, with something of the stately pose which Richter has given his Queen Louise on the stairway, and the light of the reflector fell full upon her.”
  3. (colloquial, of a person) A talent or quality that is difficult to specify. exampleShe has a certain something.
  4. (colloquial, often with really) Somebody or something who is superlative in some way. exampleHe's really something! I've never heard such a great voice. exampleShe's really something. I can't believe she would do such a mean thing.
Synonyms: (unspecified thing) sth (especially in dictionaries)
descendants:
  • Korean: {{ko-l}}
related terms: {{rel-top4}}
  • -something
  • -somethingth
{{rel-mid4}}
  • thing
  • nothing
  • anything
{{rel-mid4}}
  • everything
  • somebody
{{rel-mid4}}
  • someone
  • somewhere
{{rel-bottom}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having a characteristic that the speaker cannot specify.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (degree) Somewhat; to a degree. exampleThe baby looks something like his father.
    • 1922, Ben Travers , 5, [http://openlibrary.org/works/OL1521052W A Cuckoo in the Nest] , “The most rapid and most seductive transition in all human nature is that which attends the palliation of a ravenous appetite. There is something humiliating about it.”
  2. (degree, colloquial) To a high degree.
    • Pollyanna, page 51, Eleanor H. Porter, 1913, “You can't thrash when you have rheumatic fever – though you want to something awful, Mrs. White says.”
    • {{quote-journal}}
    • {{quote-journal}}
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. Applied to an action whose name is forgotten by, unknown or unimportant to the user, e.g. from words of a song.
    • 1890, , He didn’t apply for it for a long time, and then there was a hitch about it, and it was somethinged—vetoed, I believe she said.
    • 2003, George Angel, “Allegoady,” in Juncture, Lara Stapleton and Veronica Gonzalez edd. She hovers over the something somethinging and awkwardly lowers her bulk.
    • 2005, Floyd Skloot, A World of LightOh how we somethinged on the hmmm hmm we were wed. Dear, was I ever on the stage?”
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An object whose nature is yet to be defined.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. An object whose name is forgotten by, unknown or unimportant to the user, e.g., from words of a song. Also used to refer to an object earlier indefinitely referred to as 'something' (pronoun sense).
    • 1999, Nicholas Clapp, The Road to Ubar What was the something the pilot saw, the something worth killing for?
    • 2004, Theron Q Dumont, The Master Mind Moreover, in all of our experience with these sense impressions, we never lose sight of the fact that they are but incidental facts of our mental existence, and that there is a Something Within which is really the Subject of these sense reports—a Something to which these reports are presented, and which receives them.
    • 2004, Ira Levin, The Stepford Wives She wiped something with a cloth, wiped at the wall shelf, and put the something on it, clinking glass.
something awful
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (degree, colloquial, idiomatic) Intensely or extremely; badly; in the worst way. He wants to get out of there something awful, but he just doesn't have the money.
related terms:
  • something bad
  • something fierce
  • something good
  • something terrible
something bad
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (degree, colloquial) To a considerable degree; badly.
    • Borderlords‎ - Page 365, Terry C. Johnston, 1986, “Missed you somethin' bad, ol' man.”
related terms:
  • something awful
  • something fierce
  • something good
  • something terrible
something else
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Something exceptional, out of the ordinary, unusual. My mother's cooking is something else!
    • 2010, Mary Ann Hutchison, Moochi’s Mariachis, Pen & Publish, ISBN 978-0-9842258-0-4, page 42: Before Ladybug could answer, Chico said, “Man, you’re something else. Do you really think that tall and skinny is good looking? …”
something fierce
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (degree, colloquial) To an extreme extent; badly, violently.
    • 2004, Tom Rapko, Diving the Seamount, iUniverse, page 99: The wind had kicked up something fierce and the entire bay had transformed from placidity to slapping waves.
related terms:
  • something awful
  • something bad
  • something good
  • something terrible
something good
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (degree, colloquial) To a significant degree.
    • Bird Brained‎, page 56, Jessica Speart, 1999, “Guess you knocked that noggin of yours somethin' good."”
related terms:
  • something awful
  • something bad
  • something fierce
  • something terrible
something terrible
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (degree, colloquial) To a great degree.
    • {{quote-journal}}
    • {{quote-journal}}
related terms:
  • something awful
  • something bad
  • something fierce
  • something good
somewhere etymology some + where pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In an uncertain or unspecified location. I must have left my glasses somewhere. I've hidden some candies somewhere.
  2. To an uncertain or unspecified location. He plans to go somewhere warm for his vacation. I have to go somewhere at lunch. Can I meet you at 2?
Synonyms: someplace (US)
related terms:
  • anywhere
  • everywhere
  • nowhere
  • somebody, someone
  • something
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Unspecified or unknown (unlocated) place or location.
    • 1986, Joel S. Goldsmith, A Parenthesis in Eternity: Living the Mystical Life, page 100: We have come from somewhere and we are going somewhere, but because life is an unending circle, we are again going to come from a somewhere, and we are again going to go to a somewhere, and this will go on, and on, and on.
    • 2008, Bill Watkins, The Once and Future Celt, page 283: A courting owl hoots in the somewheres of the night and another answers its call further off.
    • 2012, Thomas M. Kitts, Finding Fogerty: Interdisciplinary Readings of John Fogerty, page 6: … and it transports the person to a somewhere, a somewhere that the music dictates.
son {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English sone, from Old English sunu, from Proto-Germanic *sunuz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHnús, from Proto-Indo-European *seu̯H-. Cognate with Scots son, Western Frisian soan, Saterland Frisian suun, Dutch zoon, Afrikaans seun, Low German sone, son, German Sohn, Danish søn, Swedish son, Icelandic sonur, Lithuanian sūnùs, Russian сын 〈syn〉, Avestan , Sanskrit सूनु 〈sūnu〉, Ancient Greek υἱύς 〈hyiús〉, υἱός 〈hyiós〉, Albanian çun, Armenian ուստր 〈ustr〉, txb soy, soṃśke 〈soṃśke〉. pronunciation
  • /sʌn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A male child, a boy or man in relation to his parents; one's male offspring. The Chinese and Indians say all too often: "I want a son, not a daughter."
  2. A male adopted person in relation to his adoption parents.
  3. A male person who has such a close relationship with an older or otherwise more authoritative person that he can be regarded as a son of the other person.
  4. A male person considered to have been significantly shaped by some external influence. He was a son of the mafia system.
  5. A male descendant. The pharaohs were believed to be sons of the Sun.
  6. A familiar address to a male person from an older or otherwise more authoritative person.
    • {{quote-song}}
  7. (UK, colloquial) An informal address to a friend or person of equal authority.
Synonyms: See also
antonyms:
  • (with regards to gender) daughter
  • (with regards to ancestry) father, mother, parent
hypernyms:
  • child
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
anagrams:
  • NOS, No.'s, nos
Sone Alternative forms: SONE etymology From Korean 소원 〈sowon〉, a reference to the 2009 Girls' Generation song, "Tell Me Your Wish (Genie) (song)."Jeff Yang, "[http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2013/11/04/why-girls-generation-and-k-pop-won-big-at-the-youtube-music-awards/ Why Girls’ Generation and K-Pop Won Big at the YouTube Music Awards]", ''Wall Street Journal'', 4 November 2013
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of the South Korean girl group Girls' Generation.
    • 2012, Sithikorn Wongwudthianun, "[ftp://202.60.207.28/BP/2012/02_BKP_Feb2012/07022012/BK070212L02.pdf Yes, I am a Sone]", The Bangkok Post, 7 February 2012, page 2: The band is known as SNSD (acronym of Korean name So Nyuh Shi Dae). SNSD fans are called Sone{{sic}} and, yes, I am a Sone.
    • 2014, Lainey, Mr.Mr. review, Campus Life, Issue #89, May 2014, page 60: Their six-track EP, 'Mr.Mr' comes packed with electro and R&B infused songs that SONEs (as SNSD Girls' Generation fans are lovingly called) can dance and sing along to.
    • 2014, Johanna Teo and Chew Hui Ling, "Girls Generation Uncovered!", Teenage, Issue 305, May 2014, page 45: Way to go SONEs, the fan chants during the dance break was{{sic}} so rad!
songfic
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fanfic that uses lyrics from popular music as a basis for its storyline.
songwriter
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) Someone who writes the lyrics and usually the music of song. We are now collaborating with a famous songwriter.
Synonyms: cleffer (informal), tunesmith (informal)
related terms:
  • songwriting
  • singer-songwriter
son-in-law pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The husband of one's daughter.
related terms:
  • brother-in-law
  • daughter-in-law
  • father-in-law
  • mother-in-law
  • sister-in-law
sonneteer etymology From Italian sonettiere, from sonetto. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes, derogatory) A writer of sonnet or small poems.
    • Alexander Pope Some starved hackney sonneteer.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To compose sonnets.
sonofabitch Alternative forms: son-of-a-bitch, son of a bitch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) alternative spelling of son of a bitch
son of a bitch Alternative forms: son-of-a-bitch, sonofabitch, sonovabitch, sonuvabitch, sumbitch etymology 1707, alteration of an earlier phrase represented by Middle English bichesone, Old Norse bikkjusonr.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) An objectionable, despicable person.
    • 1703, Thomas Brown, Letters from the living to the living, relating to the present transactions both Publick and Private, page 105: … Count Davia, like a Son of a Bitch as he is, Chop'd upon mine and the Duke of Mantuu's Equipage, and rubb'd off with our Plate, Jewels, and other Knicknacks of Inestimable Value.
    “My mother never saw the irony in calling me a son of a bitch.” — attributed to various people, such as Jack Nicholson and Richard Jeni
  2. (pejorative, slang) Any objectionable thing. "This son of a bitch won’t move!" Marty exclaimed as he grappled with the supermarket cart.
Synonyms: son of a duck, son of a gun, son of a whore, SOB
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (slang) Used to express anger, contempt, astonishment, disappointment, etc.
son-of-a-bitch Alternative forms: son of a bitch, sonofabitch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) alternative spelling of son of a bitch
son of a motherless goat etymology Derived from a line delivered by in the 1986 film, .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) A mildly minced oath for an objectionable person.
    • 2002, Carol E. Meacham, Machina Obscura, page 93: Wireheaded son of a motherless goat, I was trying to help you!
    • 2004, Robert Pruneda, Victory Lane: The Chronicles, page 323: “If he's related to that back-stabbing, good for nothing, son of a motherless goat,” John responded with skepticism, “then I'm sure it runs in the family.”
    • 2006, Donna J. Grisanti, Wandering Hearts, page 480: "Son of a motherless goat!" Eugene raged with only a bit of a slur as he flailed in the muddy morass. "What the hell is this!"
    • 2009, A.J. Watson, Void War: The Elemental Progeny, page 121: Oh fuck me with a butchers knife you son of a motherless goat.
    • 2011, Amarinda Jones, Because I Can, page 1: "Son of a motherless goat!" Miranda Marshall hissed out through clenched teeth. "What the frigging hell is he doing here?"
Synonyms: son of a gun, son of a bitch
son of a whore
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The son of a prostitute.
  2. The son of unmarried parents, an illegitimate child, a bastard.
  3. (pejorative, slang) An objectionable person. "may I inform you that you are the son of a whore?" -- George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London
Synonyms: bastard, son of a bitch, whoreson
sonovabitch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) alternative spelling of son of a bitch
sonuvabitch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) alternative spelling of son of a bitch
soogee
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (nautical, slang, dated) A type of strong cleaning product for wood and paint on board a boat.
Synonyms: soogee-moogee
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (nautical, transitive) To clean with soogee.
soogee-moogee Alternative forms: soogee moogee
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (nautical, slang, dated) A type of strong cleaning product for wood and paint on board a boat.
Synonyms: soogee
sook
etymology 1 English from 14thC, Scottish from 19thC. From Old English sūcan. See suck.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. alternative spelling of suck
    • 1832, Scottish proverbs, collected and arranged by A. Henderson, p 32: Ae hour′s cauld will sook out seven years′ heat.
    • 1864, William Duncan Latto: Tammas Bodkin: Or, the Humours of a Scottish Tailor, p 378: Tibbie an' Andro bein' at that moment in the act o' whirlin' roond us were sooked into the vortex an' upset likewise, so that here were haill four o's sprawlin' i' the floor at ance.
    • 1903, John Stevenson: Pat M′Carty, Farmer, of Antrim: His Rhymes, with a Setting, p 182: You pursed your mooth in shape like O, And sook′d the air in, might and main
etymology 2 Probably from suck. Compare sukey (attested 1838), Sucky (1844), Suke (1850); sook from 1906. Alternative forms: suck, suke pronunciation
  • /suːk, sʊk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Scotland, rare) Familiar name for a calf.
  2. (US dialectal) Familiar name for a cow.
  3. (Newfoundland) A cow or sheep.
  4. (Australia, New Zealand) A poddy calf.
  5. (US, Eastern Shore of Maryland) A female Chesapeake Bay blue crab.
Synonyms: (poddy calf) sookie (diminutive)
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (Scotland) A call for calves.
    • 1919, , A Sample Case of Humor, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=nUQnHiqXJVcC&pg=PA46&lpg=PA46&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+poddy+OR+calf+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=pKA-3B_5RX&sig=hawvxfDvl36tvfq5lRSzzsTJjRI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g8dZUOu-I-mviQetu4GYCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22%20poddy%20OR%20calf%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 47], Mother actually turned her back on that sheep and began dabbling her hand in the milk, saying, “Sook, calfy, sook, calfy!” seductively while the calf gave her the evil eue and walked backward.
    • 1947, , Adventures of a Ballad Hunter, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=J6oIAQAAIAAJ&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+poddy+OR+calf+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+poddy+OR+calf+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=vjAZoGzgIi&sig=w-jEXU9PgJSgfOUJs11CR_vHWgY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g8dZUOu-I-mviQetu4GYCA&redir_esc=y page 265], “You get outside the cowlot gate and start calling like this: “Sook calf, sook calf, sook calfie, Sook calf, sook calf!…”
  2. (US dialectal) A call for cattle.
  3. (Newfoundland) A call for cattle or sheep.
Synonyms: (call) sook cow,sookie, sookow, sukow, suck, sucky, suck cow, sukey
etymology 3 Probably from dialectal suck. Compare 19thC British slang sock, British dialect suckerel, Canadian suck, Canadian suck. From 1933. pronunciation
  • /sʊk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, Atlantic Canada, New Zealand, slang, derogatory) A crybaby, a complain, a whinger; a shy or timid person, a wimp; a coward. Don′t be such a sook.
    • 2006, , , [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=6EnFiz0Y0UkC&pg=PT66&lpg=PT66&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=99WHN5vH4s&sig=N5ZcMKems5yhl11JF1F-bQmlwxY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2bhZUND_FM6TiAe7oYDAAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], You must think I′m a sook, hey? Here I am complaining about my dad′s job and my curfew and your dad cheated on your mum. You put things into perspective for me.
    • 2007, Jan Teagle Kapetas, Lubra Lips, Lubra Lips: Reflections on my Face, Maureen Perkins (editor), Visibly Different: Face, Place and Race in Australia, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=bvwSgljr9z8C&pg=PA31&lpg=PA31&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=2e6XInQbYa&sig=1LAast0FEe_hmnNRoT_ikwU4FXQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=xrxZULjGM82ViQfSrIHYCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 31], ‘What a sook! Look at her cry!’ ‘Yeah, look at the Abo cry!’
    • 2008, Kieran Kelly, Aspiring: Mountain climbing is no cure for middle age, Pan MacMillan Australia, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=9NklGru9i60C&pg=PA233&lpg=PA233&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=dhJhFYRn8N&sig=3NGTYutOhjiO-FaWNDzc2jLWPaA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bcFZUJvoCpCtiQfc4oDYAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 233], Only sooks ask guides how far there is to go.
  2. (Australia, Atlantic Canada, New Zealand, slang) A sulk or complaint; an act of sulking. I was so upset that I went home and had a sook about it.
    • 2002, June Duncan Owen, Mixed Matches: Interracial Marriage in Australia, University of New South Wales Press, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=EqNsKaRjS2IC&pg=PA87&lpg=PA87&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=6xLTHKPcy2&sig=WVeCsgfVWCn_mc6H1lkilWBu9cs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=G51ZUK2GMo6SiAfn8oCYBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 87], ‘Have a sook! Have a sook!’, they′d all yell. But that time I didn′t go outside to cry.
related terms:
  • sookie, sookies, sooky, sooky baby (Atlantic Canada)
Synonyms: (timid person) scaredy-cat, sissy
etymology 4 From Arabic سُوق 〈sūq〉. From 1926. See souq. pronunciation
  • /suk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. alternative spelling of souq.
    • 1964, Qantas Airways, Qantas Airways Australia, Volumes 30-31, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=PHgpAQAAIAAJ&q=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22sook%22|%22sooks%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=FWQSKe-YHI&sig=lPw_hGJe1B5Eg_TRoi6tgZQUWRY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=G51ZUK2GMo6SiAfn8oCYBQ&redir_esc=y page 11], Against these riches you may buy a cup of the bitter, herbed black final coffee from a street vendor for ten piasters — about 1½d. — and step through an arch into the next sook devoted to cheap shoes and vegetables and as full of the turbaned poor as an Arabian Nights reality.
etymology 5 Origin unknown. From Chesapeake Bay, attested as early as 1948. pronunciation
  • /suːk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The mature female blue crab, .
    • 1948, John Cleary Pearson, Fluctuations in the Abundance of the Blue Crab in Chesapeake Bay, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, page 4: "The life cycle of the crab in the bay causes a preponderance of adult males (jimmy crabs) to occur in the waters of the upper bay while conversely a concentration of adult females (sook crabs) occurs in the more saline waters near the mouth of the bay (table 2)."
sooky etymology See sook. Alternative forms: sookey, sukey
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Australia, Newfoundland, New Zealand, slang) Complaining, whingeing, sad; jealous.
    • 2006, Lynda Staker, The Complete Guide to the Care of Macropods, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=9P0COKdYFcMC&pg=PA189&lpg=PA189&dq=%22more|most+sooky%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=q_gWtWtuee&sig=InDIhgkqASAXcfPZm6YbkbZ5P7Q&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6NFZUIasOYeUiAfuxoGoDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20sooky%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 189], Kangaroos on the other hand become even more sooky (needy for attention), when denied time outside.
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Sentimental, sissy; timid.
    • 1978, J. Ferguson, Seven Cities of Australia, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=iNfiAAAAMAAJ&q=%22sookier%22|%22sookiest%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22sookier%22|%22sookiest%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=Oz1q-_YqqI&sig=7ZSMilH6Ad2AxEQWslLQVkJ5g9c&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JtNZUPXeM-eUiAf4ioCgAg&redir_esc=y page 48], Sentimentalists and political quacks have devoted much time to convincing the sookier twentieth century that nineteenth century New World penitentiaries were choked with near-blameless stealers of one teaspoon, one handkerchief, one loaf of bread.
    • 1999, Peter Moore, The Wrong Way Home, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=X4_KPcRtTFkC&pg=PA138&lpg=PA138&dq=%22sookier%22|%22sookiest%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=-RqxCYttTa&sig=PcBdokHdja7hV6iiJQgY_OCNpvk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JtNZUPXeM-eUiAf4ioCgAg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sookier%22|%22sookiest%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 138], Judging by the subject matter, Turkish soldiers are the sookiest, purse-carryingest, most sentimental nancy boys ever to put on military uniforms.
    • 2009, Evan McHugh. Birdsville, 2011, ReadHowYouWant, [http//books.google.com.au/books?id=hR056E6SHlsC&pg=PA139&lpg=PA139&dq=%22sookier%22|%22sookiest%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=7m5YhP56_z&sig=YBD7ssxXNFBaSox9VJPMcXsKFOE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JtNZUPXeM-eUiAf4ioCgAg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22sookier%22|%22sookiest%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 139], Our trepidation at being savaged by a vicious pig dog was soon allayed, however. He turned out to be the sookiest dog on earth. All he wanted in life was a pet or a cuddle, preferably both.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sook, a crybaby.
Sooner
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A native or resident of the American state of Oklahoma; a sports competitor representing the University of Oklahoma.
  2. (historical) One who crossed into Indian territory before the official opening of settlement, in order to obtain land sooner.
Synonyms: (native or resident of Oklahoma) Okie, Oklahoman
anagrams:
  • nooser, sonero
soonest
adjective: {{head}}
  1. en-superlative of soon
adverb: {{head}}
  1. en-superlative of soon
  2. (informal) Very soon.{{rfex}}
  • (very soon) Use of was especially popular in telegram, which are paid for by the word, as a one-word alternative to {{soplink}}.
anagrams:
  • osteons
sophism {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. a method of teaching using the techniques of philosophy and rhetoric
  2. (slang) A flaw argument superficially correct in its reasoning, usually designed to deceive.
  3. (slang) An intentional fallacy.
related terms:
  • sophist
  • sophistic
  • sophisticate
  • sophisticated
  • sophistry
etymology 2
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. archaic spelling of Sufism
sophonsified
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Canada, informal, rare) alternative spelling of suffonsified
    • 1988, , Cat's Eye, McClelland and Stewart (1988), ISBN 0-7710-0817-1: "Are you sufficiently sophonsified?" Perdie asks Cordelia. This is a new thing they've taken to saying. It means, have you had enough to eat?
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of sophonsify
sophonsify
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (Canada, informal, uncommon) alternative spelling of suffonsify
soppy
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Very wet; sodden, soaked
  2. sentimental, maudlin, bathetic
  3. (informal) schmaltzy
anagrams:
  • popsy, psyop
sore {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English sor, from Old English sār (noun) 'ache, wound' and sār (adj.) 'painful, grievous', from Proto-Germanic *sairą (noun) (compare Dutch zeer 'sore, ache', Danish sår 'wound'), and *sairaz (adj.) 'sore' (compare German sehr 'very'), from pre-Germanic *sh₂ei-ro-, enlargement of Proto-Indo-European *sh₂ei 〈*sh₂ei〉- 'to be fierce, afflict' (compare Hittite sawar 'anger', Welsh hoed 'pain', Ancient Greek ōdía 'toothache'). pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /sɔː(ɹ)/
  • {{homophones}}, saw (in non-rhotic accents)
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Causing pain or discomfort; painful sensitive. Her feet were sore from walking so far.
  2. Sensitive; tender; easily pained, grieved, or vexed; very susceptible of irritation.
    • Tillotson Malice and hatred are very fretting and vexatious, and apt to make our minds sore and uneasy.
  3. Dire; distress. The school was in sore need of textbooks, theirs having been ruined in the flood.
  4. (informal) Feeling animosity towards someone; annoyed or angered. Joe was sore at Bob for beating him at checkers.
  5. (obsolete) Criminal; wrong; evil. {{rfquotek}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (archaic) Very, excessively, extremely (of something bad). exampleThey were sore afraid.&emsp; The knight was sore wounded.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill. Ikey the blacksmith had forged us a spearhead after a sketch from a picture of a Greek warrior; and a rake-handle served as a shaft.
  2. Sorely.
    • 1919, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Jungle Tales of Tarzan [… they] were often sore pressed to follow the trail at all, and at best were so delayed that in the afternoon of the second day, they still had not overhauled the fugitive.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An injured, infected, inflamed or diseased patch of skin. They put ointment and a bandage on the sore.
  2. Grief; affliction; trouble; difficulty.
    • Sir Walter Scott I see plainly where his sore lies.
  3. A group of duck on land. (See also: sord).
  4. A young hawk or falcon in its first year.
  5. A young buck in its fourth year.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. mutilate the legs or feet of (a horse) in order to induce a particular gait in the animal.
anagrams:
  • EROS, Eros, eros, ores, orse, roes, Rose, rose, rosé
sore loser
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) One who complains or blames others for their loss.
related terms:
  • sore winner
sore winner etymology By analogy with "sore loser".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) One who gloat over a victory.
soror
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A sorority sister; a fellow member of one's sorority.
sorostitute etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory) A slutty member of a sorority (social group for female students).
    • 2002, Jim Ciscell, American Slacker The last one was a satirical documentary about sorostitute joggers around town called "Joggin'."
    • 2005, Tom Wolfe, I am Charlotte Simmons ...you sorostitute . . . you Douche in the larval stage, you cum dumpster for Saint Rays and Phi Gams only— discriminating anorexic bitch, aren't you...
    • 2005, Lindsey Nolan, Latasha Hamilton, Auburn University College Prowler Off The Record Let me put it this way: frat daddies and sorostitutes suck, but that's completely my opinion. There are lots of pretty faces around here.
sorry etymology From Middle English sory, from Old English sāriġ, from Proto-Germanic *sairagaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sayǝw-. Cognate with Scots sairie, West Frisian searich, Low German serig, German dialectal sehrig, Swedish sårig. More at sore. pronunciation
  • (Canada) /ˈsɔɹi/ {{audio}}
  • (UK) /ˈsɒɹi/
  • (US) /ˈsɑɹi/, /ˈsɒɹi/ {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a person) Regretful for an action; grieved or sadden, especially by the loss of something or someone. I am sorry I stepped on your toes. It was an accident. I am sorry to hear of your uncle's death.
  2. Poor, sad or regrettable. The storm left his garden in a sorry state.
Synonyms: (regretful for an action or grieved) apologetic, attritional, compunctious, contrite, heavyhearted, melancholy, mournful, penitent, penitential, regretful, remorseful, repentant, sad, unhappy
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Expresses regret, remorse, or sorrow. Sorry! I didn't see that you were on the phone.
  2. Used as a request for someone to repeat something not heard or understood clearly. Sorry? What was that? The phone cut out.
Synonyms: (request to repeat) I beg your pardon?, I'm sorry?, come again?, excuse me? (US)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of saying sorry; an apology.
    • 2007, Christopher Levan, Give Us This Day: Lenten Reflections on Baking Bread and Discipleship (page 107) The British would do it standing stock still, Latinos would dance their sorries, and Canadians would find a way to apologize on ice.
    • 2008, Lucy S. Danziger, Self Magazine's 15 Minutes to Your Best Self So learn how to tailor your sorries to the sexes. Women tend to want an acknowledgment of what they're going through...
related terms:
  • sorrow
  • sorrowful
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
sort pronunciation
  • (UK) /sɔːt/
  • (US) /sɔɹt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}} (in non-rhotic accents)
etymology 1 From Middle English sort, soort, sorte (= Dutch soort, German Sorte, Danish sort, Swedish sort), from Old French sorte, from Latin sortem, accusative form of sors.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A general type.
  2. Manner; form of being or acting.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) Which for my part I covet to perform, / In sort as through the world I did proclaim.
    • Richard Hooker (1554-1600) Flowers, in such sort worn, can neither be smelt nor seen well by those that wear them.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616) I'll deceive you in another sort.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) To Adam in what sort / Shall I appear?
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) I shall not be wholly without praise, if in some sort I have copied his style.
    • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} Carried somehow, somewhither, for some reason, on these surging floods, were these travelers, of errand not wholly obvious to their fellows, yet of such sort as to call into query alike the nature of their errand and their own relations. It is easily earned repetition to state that Josephine St. Auban's was a presence not to be concealed.
  3. (obsolete) Condition above the vulgar; rank. {{rfquotek}}
  4. (dated) Group, company.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) a sort of shepherds
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) a sort of doves
    • Philip Massinger (1583-1640) a sort of rogues
    • George Chapman (1559-1634) A boy, a child, and we a sort of us, / Vowed against his voyage.
  5. (informal) A person. exampleThis guy's a decent sort.
  6. An act of sorting. exampleI had a sort of my cupboard.
  7. (computing) An algorithm for sorting a list of items into a particular sequence. examplePopular sorts include quicksort and heapsort.
  8. (typography) A piece of metal type used to print one letter, character, or symbol in a particular size and style.
  9. (obsolete) Chance; lot; destiny.
    • William Shakespeare Let blockish Ajax draw / The sort to fight with Hector.
  10. (obsolete) A pair; a set; a suit. {{rfquotek}}
quotations:
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (type) genre, genus, kind, type, variety, (person) character, individual, person, type, (act of sorting) sort-out, (in computing) sort algorithm, sorting algorithm, (typography) glyph, type, See also
etymology 2 Borrowing from Old French sortir, from Latin sortire, from sors.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. {{senseid}}(transitive) To separate according to certain criteria.
    • Isaac Newton Rays which differ in refrangibility may be parted and sorted from one another.
  2. {{senseid}}(transitive) To arrange into some order, especially numerically, alphabetically or chronologically.
  3. {{senseid}}(British) To fix a problem, to handle a task; to sort out.
  4. (transitive) To conjoin; to put together in distribution; to class.
    • Francis Bacon Shellfish have been, by some of the ancients, compared and sorted with insects.
    • Sir J. Davies She sorts things present with things past.
  5. (intransitive) To join or associate with others, especially with others of the same kind or species; to agree.
    • Woodward Nor do metals only sort and herd with metals in the earth, and minerals with minerals.
    • Francis Bacon The illiberality of parents towards children makes them base, and sort with any company.
  6. (intransitive) To suit; to fit; to be in accord; to harmonize.
    • Francis Bacon They are happy whose natures sort with their vocations.
    • Sir Walter Scott I cannot tell ye precisely how they sorted.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To conform; to adapt; to accommodate.
    • Shakespeare I pray thee, sort thy heart to patience.
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To choose from a number; to select; to cull.
    • Chapman that he may sort out a worthy spouse
    • Shakespeare I'll sort some other time to visit you.
In British sense “to fix a problem”, often used in the form “I’ll get you sorted,” or “Now that’s sorted,” – in American usage sort out is used instead. Synonyms: (separate according to certain criteria) categorise/categorize, class, classify, group, (arrange into some sort of order) order, rank
statistics:
  • {{rank}}
anagrams:
  • orts, rots, RTOS, tors
sorta etymology Written form of a reduction of sort + of
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) Sort of; somewhat; not quite. The portraits on the wall aren't so useful, just sorta cool to have around
    • 1912, Caspar Whitney, Albert Britt, Outing: Sport, Adventure, Travel, Fiction, Volume 60, page 680, 'Webb,' he says sorta sorrowful like, 'it looks like a howlin' shame to have a bang-up American girl hooked up to a money-grubbin' member of the British nobility. …'
    • 1993 July, Sort of a Hero, in , page 34, In fact the whole thing sorta backfired on old Chuck — and on me and Pete too. Instead of laughing about it, most people thought it was pretty crummy.
Synonyms: kinda
contraction: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) sort of. There's gotta be some sorta explanation.
    • 2001, Lawrence A. Wenzel, The Sandcastle at High Tide, page 97, He glanced at her then back at me. "What sorta research?" "Well, war correspondent might not be too far off," I said.
anagrams:
  • Astro, ratos, roast, rotas, taros
sorted {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (US) {{homophones}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of sort
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Put into some order by sorting. a sorted list of numbers
  2. (informal, usually with out) In good order, under control. I have to get my life sorted.
  3. (British slang) In possession of a sufficient supply, especially of narcotic. Sorted for E's & Wizz (song and album by UK band )
interjection: sorted!
  1. (British slang) A general expression of approval.
anagrams:
  • Dorset
  • doters
  • stored
  • strode
sort of etymology From a reanalysis of "sort of" in a phrase such as "a sort of merry dance" from noun ("sort") and preposition ("of") from the prepositional phrase "of merry dance" to adverb modifying "merry".
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial)  Approximately; in a way; partially; not quite; somewhat. exampleIt sort of makes sense the way he explains it, but I still don't really understand.
Synonyms: sorta, kind of
sort out
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To clarify by reviewing mentally. It's a bit confused at the moment, I'll try to sort it out later.
  2. (transitive) To arrange. Could you call Dave and sort out a meeting for tomorrow?
  3. (transitive) To fix, as a problem. The computer won't let me delete that file; could you sort it out?
  4. (transitive) To organise or separate into groups, as a collection of items, so as to make tidy. Could you sort out your wardrobe and put the clothes you no longer use in one pile to give away and another to throw away?
  5. (transitive) To separate from the remainder of a group; often construed with from. We need to sort out the problems we can solve from the ones we can't. They've already sorted out the students in group A, so we just need to worry about groups B and C.
  6. (transitive, British, slang) To attack physically. If you do that again, I'll soon sort you out.
  7. (UK, slang) To provide (somebody) with a necessity, or a solution to a problem. - Hey man, I want some weed.- I'll sort you out, mate. We really need to sort Chris out with a girlfriend.
  • In senses 1 and 2, the object typically refers to an abstraction: a problem, or a situation, or the like.
  • In senses 3 and 4, the object may refer to any sort of collection — a collection of physical objects, or of people, or of abstractions. In sense 4, there is very often a from phrase, characterizing the remainder of the collection.
  • In sense 5, the object refers to a person or group of people.
  • In all senses, the object may appear before or after the particle out. If the object is particularly short or lexically "light" — as with all personal pronouns — it will usually appear before the particle ("sort it out"), and if it is particularly long or lexically "heavy" — as with a noun phrase with a modifier phrase attached — it will usually appear after it ("sort out the patients with scoliosis"). Intermediate-length objects may appear either before or after ("sort the wheat out", "sort out the wheat").
  • In British usage, in sense of “to fix a problem”, often used without “out”, as in “I’ll get that sorted.”
sortsa {{rft}} etymology Written form of a of "sorts of"
contraction: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) Sorts of.
    • 1977, Fred C Dobbs, The Golden Age of B.S., page 93, Sends a letter to the Globe and Mail and starts claiming that his friend Mackay says that there's all sortsa cabinet ministers ringing up all sortsa judges in Canada.
    • 1984, , DeKalb Literary Arts Journal, Volume 17, page 38, "Oh. Togs. lt just means.. .special sortsa clothes. Toads? Gad, what a dodo l picked to fall in love with me."
    • 1988 June, Underground, in , page 32, Hampton delves into all sortsa cultural rootage — from country blues to smarmy Broadway show-tunage, combining them in a friendly, swinging way. This is the sorta record that should appeal to anybody who gave up on Zappa after Weasels Ripped My Flesh.

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