The Alternative Dutch Dictionary: boer

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Entry definition

boer pronunciation
  • /ˈbuːr/
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 From {{etym}} bure, from Proto-Germanic *būraz, thus originally the same as modern buur. The form boer is that of many eastern dialects including {{etym}}, where Germanic -ū- has been retained as a back vowel. In early modern Dutch these two dialectal forms were adopted as semantically distinguished words. Cognate to Old English būr, ġebūr (whence English bower) and Old High German būr (whence German Bauer).
noun: {{nl-noun}}
  1. (male) farmer, peasant
  2. -boer (in compounds) merchant (and sometimes producer) of a certain product group, mainly foods, often named after it, e.g. melkboer 'milkman', groenteboer '(male) greengrocer'
  3. A boor, yokel, ruffian
  4. (slang) A jack (playing cards)
Synonyms: (farmer) landbouwer, teler, tuinder, veehouder
etymology 2 Originally onomatopoetic, as is English burp. The perception of farmers (etymology 1) as being mannerless people has probably played a secondary role, too. The same in German Bäuerchen.
noun: {{nl-noun}}
  1. A burp
verb: {{nl-verb-form}}
  1. nl-verb form of boeren
  2. nl-verb form of boeren
  • bore, ober

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