The Alternative Burmese Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

Entries

ကား 〈ကား〉 etymology Borrowing from English car pronunciation
  • /ká/
noun: {{my-noun}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (informal) car
ကုလား 〈ကုလား〉 pronunciation
  • /kəlá/
noun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (derogatory and offensive) Term used to describe all foreigner but more specifically, Indian.
ကျနော် 〈ကျနော်〉 etymology From ကျွန်တော် 〈ကျွန်တော်〉. pronunciation
  • /tɕənɔ̀/
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. I, me (colloquial polite, used by males)
Synonyms: ကျွန်တော် 〈ကျွန်တော်〉 (formal polite, used by males), ကျွန်မ 〈ကျွန်မ〉 (formal polite, used by females), ကျမ 〈ကျမ〉 (colloquial polite, used by females), ငါ 〈ငါ〉 (familiar)
ကျမ 〈ကျမ〉 etymology From ကျွန်မ 〈ကျွန်မ〉. pronunciation
  • /tɕəma̰/
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. I, me (colloquial polite, used by females)
Synonyms: ကျွန်တော် (kyundaw) (formal polite, used by males), ကျနော် (kyănaw) (colloquial polite, used by males), ကျွန်မ (kyanma.) (formal polite, used by females), ငါ (nga) (familiar)
ကျုပ် 〈ကျုပ်〉 etymology Contracted from ကျွန်ုပ် 〈ကျွန်ုပ်〉. pronunciation
  • /tɕouʔ/, [tɕoʊʔ]
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. I, me (fairly polite)
Synonyms: ငါ 〈ငါ〉 (familiar), ကျွန်တော် 〈ကျွန်တော်〉 (formal polite, used by males), ကျနော် 〈ကျနော်〉 (colloquial polite, used by males), ကျွန်မ 〈ကျွန်မ〉 (formal polite, used by females), ကျမ 〈ကျမ〉 (colloquial polite, used by females)
ကျွန်တော် 〈ကျွန်တော်〉 etymology From ကျွန် 〈ကျွန်〉. pronunciation
  • /tɕùɴdɔ̀/, [tɕʊ̃̀ndɔ̀]
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. I, me (formal polite, used by males)
Synonyms: ကျနော် 〈ကျနော်〉 {{i}}, ကျွန်မ 〈ကျွန်မ〉 {{i}}, ကျမ 〈ကျမ〉 {{i}}, ငါ 〈ငါ〉 {{i}}
ကျွန်မ 〈ကျွန်မ〉 etymology From ကျွန် 〈ကျွန်〉 + 〈မ〉. pronunciation
  • /tɕùɴma̰/, [tɕʊ̃̀mma̰]
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. I, me (formal polite, used by females)
Synonyms: ကျွန်တော် 〈ကျွန်တော်〉 (formal polite, used by males), ကျနော် 〈ကျနော်〉 (colloquial polite, used by males), ကျမ 〈ကျမ〉 (colloquial polite, used by females), ငါ 〈ငါ〉 (familiar)
ငါ 〈ငါ〉 etymology From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa. pronunciation
  • /ŋà/
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. I, me (familiar)
Synonyms: ကျုပ် 〈ကျုပ်〉 (fairly polite), ကျွန်တော် 〈ကျွန်တော်〉 (formal polite, used by males), ကျနော် 〈ကျနော်〉 (colloquial polite, used by males), ကျွန်မ 〈ကျွန်မ〉 (formal polite, used by females), ကျမ 〈ကျမ〉 (colloquial polite, used by females)
စာမေးပွဲ 〈စာမေးပွဲ〉 etymology စာ ‘writing’ + မေး ‘ask’ + ပွဲ ‘contest’ pronunciation
  • /sà.mé.bwɛ́/; {{i}} /sà.mwɛ́/
noun: {{my-noun}} {{my-roman}}
  1. examination formal test
ဆရာတော် 〈ဆရာတော်〉 etymology ဆရာ 〈ဆရာ〉 + တော် 〈တော်〉 pronunciation
  • /sʰəjàdɔ̀/; {{i}} /sʰədɔ̀/, /zədɔ̀/
noun: {{my-noun}} {{my-roman}}
  1. abbot of a Buddhist monastery
တယ် 〈တယ်〉
etymology 1 Alternative forms: သည် 〈သည်〉 {{i}} pronunciation
  • /tɛ̀/
  • /dɛ̀/ {{i}}
particle: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial) {{n-g}} exampleဒီနေ့ ကျွန်တော် လာပါတယ်〈ဒီနေ့ ကျွန်တော် လာပါတယ်။〉 I came today.
etymology 2 pronunciation
  • /tɛ̀/
adverb: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. very
Synonyms: အလွန် 〈အလွန်〉
-တွေ 〈-တွေ〉 pronunciation
  • (colloquial) /dè/ {{i}}; /tè/ {{i}}
  • (careful) /dwè/ {{i}}; /twè/ {{i}}
suffix: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. {{n-g}} {{i}}
  2. lots of {{i}}
ထို 〈ထို〉 pronunciation
  • /tʰò/
determiner: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (literary) that
Synonyms: ဟို 〈ဟို〉 (colloquial), ဟိုဒင်း 〈ဟိုဒင်း〉, ဟိုဟာ 〈ဟိုဟာ〉, အဲဒါ 〈အဲဒါ〉
နဲ့ 〈နဲ့〉 pronunciation
  • /nɛ̰/
conjunction: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. and exampleသူနဲ့သူမ 〈သူနဲ့သူမ〉 he and she
Synonyms: နှင့် 〈နှင့်〉 (formal or written)
postposition: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. with
particle: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial) (used with 〈မ〉 to form a negative imperative) exampleမသွားပါနဲ့〈မသွားပါနဲ့။〉 Please don’t go!
Synonyms: နှင့် 〈နှင့်〉 (formal or written)
ပေါ့ 〈ပေါ့〉 {{was fwotd}} pronunciation
  • /bɔ̰/, /pɔ̰/
particle: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (chiefly, colloquial) like mild intensifier; used to mean "to say" or "to think"
    • 2005, San San Hnin Tun, "Discourse particles in Burmese", in Justin Watkins (ed.), Studies in Burmese Linguistics, ISBN 0-85883-559-2, p. 193: He was, like, I'm not selling them, you know? So then Lwin Moe was, like, really delighted, you know.
  2. (chiefly, colloquial) say let's say: used to mark an example, supposition, or hypothesis
    • 2005, San San Hnin Tun, "Discourse particles in Burmese", in Justin Watkins (ed.), Studies in Burmese Linguistics, ISBN 0-85883-559-2, p. 193: So say there was an accident, right?
  3. (chiefly, colloquial) you know used to confirm agreement or understanding at the end of a statement
    • 2005, San San Hnin Tun, "Discourse particles in Burmese", in Justin Watkins (ed.), Studies in Burmese Linguistics, ISBN 0-85883-559-2, p. 193: It was done as a way of getting even, you know.
ပဲ 〈ပဲ〉
etymology 1 pronunciation
  • /pɛ́/
noun: {{my-noun}} {{my-roman}}
  1. pea, bean, legume, pulse
etymology 2 Alternative forms: ကပဲ 〈ကပဲ〉, ဘဲ 〈ဘဲ〉 pronunciation
  • /bɛ́/ {{i}}
  • /pɛ́/ {{i}}
particle: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial) {{n-g}}
Synonyms: ပင် 〈ပင်〉 {{i}}
ပြီ 〈ပြီ〉 Alternative forms: ပီ 〈ပီ〉 pronunciation
  • (careful) /pjì/; /bjì/ {{i}}
  • (colloquial) /pì/; /bì/ {{i}}
particle: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. {{n-g}} exampleကောင်းပါပြီ〈ကောင်းပါပြီ။〉 It’s been good.
  2. yet {{i}} exampleရောက်ပြီလား။ 〈ရောက်ပြီလား။〉 Has he arrived yet?
ဘယ်တုန်းက 〈ဘယ်တုန်းက〉 etymology ဘယ် 〈ဘယ်〉 + တုန်း 〈တုန်း〉 + က 〈က〉 pronunciation
  • /bɛ̀.dóuɴ.ɡa̰/, [bɛ̀.dṍʊ̃ŋ.ɡa̰]
adverb: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial, interrogative) when? (in the past)
ဘယ်တော့ 〈ဘယ်တော့〉 etymology ဘယ် 〈ဘယ်〉 + တော့ 〈တော့〉 pronunciation
  • /bɛ̀dɔ̰/
adverb: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial, interrogative) when? (in the future) exampleဘယ်တော့ ပြန်မလဲ။ ဘယ်တော့ ပြန်မလဲ။〉 When will you go back?
ဘယ်လို 〈ဘယ်လို〉 pronunciation
  • /bɛ̀lò/
adverb: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial) how in what manner exampleခင်ဗျား ဘယ်လို လာသလဲ။ 〈ခင်ဗျား ဘယ်လို လာသလဲ။〉 How did you come?
determiner: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial) what kind of exampleဘယ်လိုကား ဝယ်မလဲ။ ဘယ်လိုကား ဝယ်မလဲ။〉 What kind of car will you buy?
လေယာဉ်ပျံ 〈လေယာဉ်ပျံ〉 etymology လေယာဉ် ‘aircraft’ + ပျံ ‘flying’ pronunciation
  • /lè.jìɴ.bjàɴ/, [lè.jɪ̃̀m.bjã̀]; {{i}} /lèiɴ.bjàɴ/, [lẽ̀ɪ̃m.bjã̀]
noun: {{my-noun}} {{my-roman}}
  1. airplane
လောကဝတ် 〈လောကဝတ်〉 etymology From Pali lokavatta. pronunciation
  • /lɔ́ɡəwuʔ/, [lɔ́ɡəwʊʔ]; {{i}} /lɔ́ɡuʔ/, [lɔ́ɡʊʔ]
noun: {{my-noun}} {{my-roman}}
  1. courtesy polite behavior
သူ 〈သူ〉 pronunciation
  • /θù/
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. he
  2. (colloquial) she
  3. it
Synonyms: (she) သူမ 〈သူမ〉 (formal)
သူမ 〈သူမ〉 etymology From သူ 〈သူ〉 + 〈မ〉. pronunciation
  • /θùma̰/
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. she (formal)
Synonyms: သူ 〈သူ〉 (colloquial; also masculine)
ဟို 〈ဟို〉 pronunciation
  • /hò/
determiner: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. (colloquial) that
Synonyms: ထို 〈ထို〉 (literary), ဟိုဒင်း 〈ဟိုဒင်း〉, ဟိုဟာ 〈ဟိုဟာ〉, အဲဒါ 〈အဲဒါ〉
အနှီဟာ 〈အနှီဟာ〉 etymology အနှီ 〈အနှီ〉 + ဟာ 〈ဟာ〉 pronunciation
  • /ʔən̥ìhà/; {{i}} /ʔən̥à/
pronoun: {{head}} {{my-roman}}
  1. this

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